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Linux commands and programs

http://linux.duckd.cz/linux-commands-manual

aa-audit - set a AppArmor security profile to audit mode.
aa-autodep - guess basic AppArmor profile requirements
aa-complain - set a AppArmor security profile to complain mode.
aa-decode - decode hex-encoded in AppArmor log files
aa-disable - disable an AppArmor security profile
aa-easyprof - AppArmor profile generation made easy.
aa-enforce - set an AppArmor security profile to enforce mode from being disabled or complain mode.
aa-exec - confine a program with the specified AppArmor profile
aa-genprof - profile generation utility for AppArmor
aa-logprof - utility program for managing AppArmor security profiles
aa-status - display various information about the current AppArmor policy.
aa-unconfined - output a list of processes with tcp or udp ports that do not have AppArmor profiles loaded
aa-update-browser - update browser profiles with browser abstractions
abcde - Grab an entire CD and compress it to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex and/or MPP/MP+(Musepack) format.
accept - accept a connection on a socket
accessdb - Ausgabe des Inhalts einer Man-db-Datenbank in menschenlesba rem Format
accessdb - dumps the content of a man-db database in a human readable format
accessdb - Afficher le contenu d'une base de données man-db dans un format lisible par l'homme
accessdb - keluarkan isi dari sebuah basis data man-db dalam format yang mudah dibaca
accessdb - dumps the content of a man-db database in a human readable format
accessdb - wyświetla zawartość bazy danych man-db w formacie czytelnym dla ludzi
accessdb - сбрасывает содержимое базы данных man-db в понятный человеку формат
aconnect - ALSA sequencer connection manager
acpi_available - test whether ACPI subsystem is available
acpi - zeigt den Batterieladestand und andere ACPI Informationen an
acpid - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface event daemon
acpi - Shows battery status and other ACPI information
acpi_fakekey — acpi event wrapper
acpi_listen - ACPI event listener
acyclic - make directed graph acyclic
add-apt-repository - Adds a repository into the /etc/apt/sources.list or /etc/apt/sources.list.d or removes an existing one
addftinfo - add information to troff font files for use with groff
addgnupghome - Create .gnupg home directories
adduser, addgroup - add a user or group to the system
adduser, addgroup - Añade un usuario o grupo al sistema
adduser, addgroup - Ajouter un utilisateur ou un groupe au système
adduser, addgroup - dodaje użytkownika lub grupę do systemu
adduser, addgroup - добавляют пользователя или группу в систему
addpart - simple wrapper around the "add partition" ioctl
addr2line - convert addresses into file names and line numbers.
add-shell - Shells zu der Liste der gültigen Anmelde-Shells hinzufügen
add-shell - add shells to the list of valid login shells
add-shell - Añade consolas a la lista de consolas de sesión aceptadas
add-shell - ajoute des interpréteurs à la liste des interpréteurs ini tiaux valables
adduser, addgroup - add a user or group to the system
adduser, addgroup - Añade un usuario o grupo al sistema
adduser, addgroup - Ajouter un utilisateur ou un groupe au système
adduser, addgroup - dodaje użytkownika lub grupę do systemu
adduser, addgroup - добавляют пользователя или группу в систему
afmtodit - create font files for use with groff -Tps
afm2afm - reencode an afm file
afm2pl - convert AFM font metrics to TeX pl font metrics
afm2tfm - convert Adobe font metrics to TeX font metrics
agetty - alternative Linux getty
aleph - extended unicode TeX
align_image_stack - Align overlapping images for HDR or focus stack creation
allcm - force the most important Computer-Modern-fonts to be calculated
allcm - force the most important Computer-Modern-fonts to be calculated
allneeded - force the calculation of all fonts now needed
alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email
alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email
alsactl - advanced controls for ALSA soundcard driver
alsaloop - command-line PCM loopback
alsamixer - soundcard mixer for ALSA soundcard driver, with ncurses interface
amarokcollectionscanner - Collection Scanner for Amarok
amarok - The audio player for KDE
amarokmp3tunesharmonydaemon - Handles AutoSync for the MP3Tunes service in Amarok.
amidi - read from and write to ALSA RawMIDI ports
amixer - command-line mixer for ALSA soundcard driver
anacron - runs commands periodically
animate - animates an image or image sequence on any X server.
anytopnm - attempt to convert an unknown type of image file to a porta ble anymap
apgbfm - APG Bloom filter management program
apg - generates several random passwords
arecord, aplay - command-line sound recorder and player for ALSA sound card driver
aplaymidi - play Standard MIDI Files
apm_available - test whether APM subsystem is available
apparmor_parser - loads AppArmor profiles into the kernel
aa-status - display various information about the current AppArmor policy.
applygnupgdefaults - Run gpgconf --apply-defaults for all users.
apport-bug, apport-collect - file a bug report using Apport, or update an existing report
apport-cli, apport-gtk, apport-kde - Apport user interfaces for report ing problems
apport-bug, apport-collect - file a bug report using Apport, or update an existing report
apport-unpack - extract the fields of a problem report to separate files
appres - list X application resource database
apropos - Suche in Handbuchseiten und deren Kurzbeschreibungen
apropos - search the manual page names and descriptions
apropos - buscar entre las páginas del manual y las descripciones
apropos - Chercher le nom et la description des pages de manuel
apropos - cari halaman buku panduan dari nama dan deskripsinya
apropos - マニュアルページの名前と要約文を検索する
apropos - przeszukiwanie nazw i opisów stron podręcznika ekranowego
apropos - поиск в именах справочных страниц и кратких описаниях
apt-cache - den APT-Zwischenspeicher abfragen
apt-cache - query the APT cache
apt-cache - query the APT cache
apt-cache - recherche dans le cache d'APT
apt-cache - query the APT cache
apt-cache - query the APT cache
apt-cdrom - APT-CDROM-Verwaltungswerkzeug
apt-cdrom - APT CDROM management utility
apt-cdrom - Herramienta de APT para la gestión de discos ópticos
apt-cdrom - Utilitaire de gestion des CD d'APT
apt-cdrom - APT CDROM 管理ユーティリティ
apt-cdrom - Narzędzie APT do zarządzania źródłami typu CDROM
apt-config - APT-Konfigurationsabfrageprogramm
apt-config - APT Configuration Query program
apt-config - Programa para consultar la configuración de APT
apt-config - Programme d'interrogation de la configuration d'APT
apt-config - APT 設定取得プログラム
apt-config - Program odpytywania konfiguracji APT
aptdcon - command line client for aptdaemon
aptd - package managing daemon proving a D-Bus interface
apt-extracttemplates - Hilfsprogramm zum Extrahieren der DebConf-Konfiguration und Schablonen von Debian-Paketen
apt-extracttemplates - Utility to extract DebConf config and templates from Debian packages
apt-extracttemplates - Herramienta para extraer la configuración de DebConf y las plantillas de los paquetes de Debian
apt-extracttemplates - Outil d'extraction des textes et fichiers de configuration pour DebConf contenu dans un paquet Debian
apt-extracttemplates - Debian パッケージから DebConf 設定と DebConf テ ンプレートを抽出するユーティリティ
apt-extracttemplates - Narzędzie wyciągające z pakietów Debiana skrypty konfiguracyjne i szablony DebConf
apt-ftparchive - Hilfsprogramm zum Generieren von Indexdateien
apt-ftparchive - Utility to generate index files
apt-ftparchive - Herramienta para generar ficheros de índice
apt-ftparchive - Outil de création de fichiers d'index
apt-ftparchive - インデックスファイル生成ユーティリティ
apt-get - APT-Werkzeug für den Umgang mit Paketen -- Befehlszeilenschnittstelle
apt-get - APT package handling utility -- command-line interface
apt-get - Herramienta de gestión de paquetes APT -- interfaz para la línea de órdenes
apt-get - Utilitaire APT pour la gestion des paquets -- interface en ligne de commande.
apt-get - APT パッケージ操作ユーティリティ -- コマンドラインインター フェース
apt-get - Narzędzie zarządzania pakietami APT -- interfejs linii poleceń
apt-key - APT-Schlüsselverwaltungsdienstprogramm
apt-key - APT key management utility
apt-key - Herramienta para gestionar las claves de APT
apt-key - Utilitaire de gestion des clés d'APT
apt-key - APT キー管理ユーティリティ
apt-key - Narzędzie zarządzanie kluczami APT
apt-mark - ein Paket als automatisch installiert markieren oder diese Markierung entfernen
apt-mark - mark/unmark a package as being automatically-installed
apt-sortpkgs - Werkzeug zum Sortieren von Paketindexdateien
apt-sortpkgs - Utility to sort package index files
apt-sortpkgs - Herramienta para ordenar los ficheros de índice de paquetes
apt-sortpkgs - Outil de tri des index de paquets.
apt-sortpkgs - パッケージインデックスファイルのソートユーティリティ
apt-sortpkgs - Narzędzie użytkowe do sortowania plików indeksu
apturl - graphical apt-protocol interpreting package installer
apturl - graphical apt-protocol interpreting package installer
ar - tvoří nové archívy (knihovny funkcí .a - pozn. překl.), mění jejich obsah a rozbaluje je na jednotlivé soubory
arecord, aplay - command-line sound recorder and player for ALSA sound card driver
arecordmidi - record Standard MIDI Files
ar - create, modify, and extract from archives
arch - print machine hardware name (same as uname -m)
arjdisp - ARJ simple graphical interface
arj - Archiver for .arj files
arj-register - Register the ARJ archiver
arm2hpdl - Add HP download header/trailer to an ARM ELF binary.
arp - Manipulation des ARP-Caches
arpd - userspace arp daemon.
arp - manipulate the system ARP cache
arp - manipule la table ARP du système
arping - send ARP REQUEST to a neighbour host
ar86 - Create, modify, and extract from archive file
asciitopgm - convert ASCII graphics into a portable graymap
AS - the portable GNU assembler.
aseqdump - show the events received at an ALSA sequencer port
aseqnet - ALSA sequencer connectors over network
aspell-autobuildhash - Autobuilding aspell hash files for some dicts
aspell - interactive spell checker
aspell-import - import old personal dictionaries into GNU Aspell
as86 - Assembler for 8086..80386 processors
at, batch, atq, atrm - umisťuje do fronty, zobrazuje či maže úlohy určené pro pozdější provedení
atd - spouští úlohy, které čekají ve frontě na pozdější provedení
atd - run jobs queued for later execution
at, batch, atq, atrm - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execu tion
atktopbm - convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to portable bitmap
bitmap, bmtoa, atobm - bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System
at, batch, atq, atrm - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execu tion
at, batch, atq, atrm - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execu tion
atsa - Performs ATS analysis on a soundfile. .
audacious - an advanced audio player.
audacity - Graphical cross-platform audio editor
audtool - a small tool to modify behavior of a running audacious2 instance.
autoinst - wrapper script around the LCDF TypeTools, for installing OpenType fonts in LaTeX.
autooptimiser - Optimize image positions
autopano-noop - Trivial wrapper script for autopano-sift-c
avahi-autoipd - IPv4LL network address configuration daemon
avahi-browse - Browse for mDNS/DNS-SD services using the Avahi daemon
avahi-browse - Browse for mDNS/DNS-SD services using the Avahi daemon
avahi-daemon - The Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD daemon
avahi-publish-service - Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host name or address mapping using the Avahi daemon
avahi-publish-service - Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host name or address mapping using the Avahi daemon
avahi-publish-service - Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host name or address mapping using the Avahi daemon
avahi-resolve - Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host name(s) to IP address(es) (and vice versa) using the Avahi daemon
avahi-resolve - Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host name(s) to IP address(es) (and vice versa) using the Avahi daemon
avahi-resolve - Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host name(s) to IP address(es) (and vice versa) using the Avahi daemon
avahi-set-host-name - Change mDNS host name
avconv - avconv video converter
avifix - fix header of AVI-file
aviindex - Write and read text files describing the index of an AVI file
avimerge - merge several AVI-files into one
avisplit - split AVI-files into chunks of a maximum size
avisync - adjust audio synchronisation
avplay - AVplay media player
avprobe - avprobe media prober
avserver - avserver video server
gawk - pattern scanning and processing language
axi-cache - query the Apt Xapian Index
a2p - Awk to Perl translator
a2ping.pl -- convert between PS, EPS and PDF and other page description for mats
badblocks - search a device for bad blocks
Baobab - A graphical tool to analyse disk usage
(1) Uživatelské příkazy BASENAME(1)
(1) User Commands BASENAME(1)
base64 - base64 encode/decode data and print to standard output
bashbug - report a bug in bash
bash - GNU Bourne-Again SHell
at, batch, atq, atrm - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execu tion
bbox - prints out the bounding box of a rawppm or rawpbm image
bccmd - Utility for the CSR BCCMD interface
bc - An arbitrary precision calculator language
bcomps - biconnected components filter for graphs
bdftopcf - convert X font from Bitmap Distribution Format to Portable Compiled Format
bdftruncate - generate truncated BDF font from ISO 10646-1-encoded BDF font
bibtex - make a bibliography for (La)TeX
bibtex - make a bibliography for (La)TeX
bibtex8 - 8-bit Big BibTeX version 0.99c
bind - přiřazení adresy (jména) soketu
bind - bind a name to a socket
bioradtopgm - convert a Biorad confocal file into a portable graymap
biosdecode - BIOS information decoder
bitmap, bmtoa, atobm - bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System
blender - a 3D modelling and rendering package
blenderplayer - the blender game engine runner
blkid - locate/print block device attributes
blockdev - call block device ioctls from the command line
bluefish - editor for experienced web designers and programmers
bluetooth-agent - Bluetooth pass agent
bluetooth-applet - GNOME applet for prompting the user for a Bluetooth passkey (PIN)
bluetoothd - Bluetooth daemon
bluetooth-sendto - GTK application for transfering files over Bluetooth
bluetooth-wizard - GTK wizard for setting up devices with the Linux Bluetooth stack
bluez-simple-agent - A PIN management and agent program for pairing to Bluetooth device.
bmptopnm - convert a BMP file into a portable anymap
bmptopnm - convert a BMP file into a portable anymap
bitmap, bmtoa, atobm - bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System
bootlogd - record boot messages
brasero - Simple and easy to use CD/DVD burning application for the Gnome Desktop
brctl - ethernet bridge administration
afs_syscall, break, ftime, getpmsg, gtty, lock, madvise1, mpx, prof, profil, putpmsg, security, stty, tuxcall, ulimit, vserver - unimple mented system calls
brltty - refreshable braille display driver for Linux/Unix
brushtopbm - convert a doodle brush file into a portable bitmap
from — print names of those who have sent mail
bsdiff — generate a patch between two binary files
write — send a message to another user
bspatch — apply a patch built with bsdiff(1)
BTCFLASH - firmware flash utility for BTC DRW1008 DVD+/-RW recorder.
bzip2, bunzip2 - a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6 bzcat - decompresses files to stdout bzip2recover - recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
BusyBox - The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
bzip2, bunzip2 - a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6 bzcat - decompresses files to stdout bzip2recover - recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
bzcmp, bzdiff - compare bzip2 compressed files
bzcmp, bzdiff - porovnávají dva soubory zkomprimované pomocí bzip2
bzcmp, bzdiff - compare bzip2 compressed files
bzgrep, bzfgrep, bzegrep - search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzexe - compress executable files in place
bzgrep, bzfgrep, bzegrep - search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzgrep, bzfgrep, bzegrep - search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzip2, bunzip2 - komprimuje a dekomprimuje soubory, používá metodu blo kového třídění, v1.0.3 bzcat - dekomprimuje soubory do standardního výstupu (stdout) bzip2recover - získává data z poškozených bzip2 souborů
bzip2, bunzip2 - a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6 bzcat - decompresses files to stdout bzip2recover - recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
bzip2, bunzip2 - a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6 bzcat - decompresses files to stdout bzip2recover - recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
bzmore, bzless - file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 com pressed text
bzmore, bzless - file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 com pressed text
b2m - convert old Emacs Rmail Babyl format to mbox format
b2m - This program converts a babyl mailbox to a standard unix mailbox.
b2m - This program converts a babyl mailbox to a standard unix mailbox.
cabextract - program to extract files from Microsoft cabinet (.cab) ar chives
cal, ncal — displays a calendar and the date of Easter
calendar — reminder service
calibrate_lens_gui - Lens distortion calibration by straight line feature identification
calibrate_ppa - pnm2ppa calibration tool
canberra-gtk-play - play a sound event
cancel - Aufträge abbrechen
cancel - cancel jobs
cancel - Annuler des travaux d'impression.
capinfos - Prints information about capture files
capsh - 'bash' wrapper to raise and lower the bset and pI capabilities
captoinfo - convert a termcap description into a terminfo description
cat - slučuje soubory a vypisuje je na standartní výstup
cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output
catchsegv - Catch segmentation faults in programs
catman - erzeugt oder aktualisiert vorformatierte Handbuchseiten
catman - create or update the pre-formatted manual pages
catman - crea o actualiza las páginas del manual preformateadas
catman - Créer ou mettre à jour les pages de manuel préformatées
catman - buat atau perbarui pre-formatted halaman buku panduan
catman - 整形済みマニュアルページを作成、更新する
catman - tworzy lub aktualizuje preformatowane strony podręcznika ekranowego
catman - создаёт или обновляет уже отформатированные справочные страницы
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
ccomps - connected components filter for graphs
cd-create-profile - Color Manager Profile Creation Tool
cdda2ogg, cdda2mp3 — extract audio CD audio tracks and encode them
cdda2ogg, cdda2mp3 — extract audio CD audio tracks and encode them
cddb-tool - Get CDDB information
cd-discid - read CD and get CDDB discid information.
cd-fix-profile - Tool to fix metadata in ICC profiles
cdparanoia - an audio CD reading utility which includes extra data ver ification features
cdparanoia (Paranoia release III) - オーディオ CD 読み取りユーティリ ティ。特別なデータ照合機能を持つ。
cdrdao - reads and writes CDs in disc-at-once mode
cdda2ogg, cdda2mp3 — extract audio CD audio tracks and encode them
cdda2ogg, cdda2mp3 — extract audio CD audio tracks and encode them
cdxa2mpeg - manual page for cdxa2mpeg 0.7.23
celeste_standalone - Cloud identification
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
cfdisk - display or manipulate disk partition table
c++filt - Demangle C++ and Java symbols.
cifs.idmap - Userspace helper for mapping ids for Common Internet File System (CIFS)
cifs.upcall - Userspace upcall helper for Common Internet File System (CIFS)
ciptool - Bluetooth Common ISDN Access Profile (CIP)
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
cjpeg - compress an image file to a JPEG file
ckbcomp - compile a XKB keyboard description to a keymap suitable for loadkeys
cksum - kontrolní součet a počet bajtů v souboru
cksum - checksum and count the bytes in a file
clambc - Bytecode Testing Tool
clamscan - scan files and directories for viruses
clear_console - clear the console
clear - clear the terminal screen
cmap2enc - convert glyph indices in a TrueType-flavored OpenType font to Adobe glyph names
cmp - compare two files byte by byte
cmuwmtopbm - convert a CMU window manager bitmap into a portable bitmap
codepage - extract a codepage from an MSDOS codepage file
colcrt — filter nroff output for CRT previewing
col — filter reverse line feeds from input
colormgr - Color Manager Testing Tool
colrm — remove columns from a file
column — columnate lists
comm - compare two sorted files line by line
compare - mathematically and visually annotate the difference between an image and its reconstruction.
compiz-decorator - Automatic decorator loader
compiz - OpenGL window and compositing manager
run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print - execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
composite - overlaps one image over another.
config_data - Query or change configuration of Perl modules
conjure - interprets and executes scripts written in the Magick Script ing Language (MSL).
convert - convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more.
corelist - a commandline frontend to Module::CoreList
cpan - easily interact with CPAN from the command line
cpanp - The CPANPLUS launcher
cpan2dist - The CPANPLUS distribution creator
cpclean - Remove wrong control points by statistical methods
cp - kopíruje soubory a adresáře
cp - copy files and directories
cpfind - Feature matching for panoramic stitching
cppw, cpgr - copy with locking the given file to the password or group file
cpio - copy files to and from archives
cpp - The C Preprocessor
cppw, cpgr - copy with locking the given file to the password or group file
cpp - The C Preprocessor
crda - send to the kernel a wireless regulatory domain for a given ISO / IEC 3166 alpha2
c_rehash - Create symbolic links to files named by the hash values
cron - daemon to execute scheduled commands (Vixie Cron)
crontab - maintain crontab files for individual users (Vixie Cron)
cryptsetup - setup cryptographic volumes for dm-crypt (including LUKS extension)
csb64enc - Converts a binary file to a Base64 encoded text file. .
cs - Starts Csound with a set of options that can be controlled by environment variables, and input and output files determined by the specified filename stem. .
csound - Csound command.
csplit - split a file into sections determined by context lines
etags, ctags - generate tag file for Emacs, vi
etags, ctags - generate tag file for Emacs, vi
ctangle, cweave - translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
ctie - merge or apply CWEB change files
ctrlaltdel - set the function of the Ctrl-Alt-Del combination
lnstat - unified linux network statistics
cupsaccept/cupsreject - accept/reject jobs sent to a destination
cupsaddsmb - exportiere Drucker an Samba für Windows-Clients
cupsaddsmb - export printers to samba for windows clients
cupsaddsmb - Exporter des imprimantes vers Samba pour les clients Win dows.
cups-calibrate - ESP CUPS Printer Calibration Tool
cupsctl - konfiguriere cupsd.conf-Optionen
cupsctl - configure cupsd.conf options
cupsctl - Configurer les options de cupsd.conf
cupsd - cups scheduler
cupsdisable, cupsenable - stop/start printers and classes
cupsdisable, cupsenable - stop/start printers and classes
cupsfilter - convert a file to another format using cups filters
cups-genppdupdate - update CUPS+Gutenprint PPD files
cupsaccept/cupsreject - accept/reject jobs sent to a destination
cupstestdsc - überprüfe Konformität von PostScript-Dateien
cupstestdsc - test conformance of postscript files
cupstestppd - Tester la conformité des fichiers postscript.
cupstestppd - überprüfe Konformität von PPD-Dateien
cupstestppd - test conformance of ppd files
curl - transfer a URL
cut - remove sections from each line of files
cvanal - Converts a soundfile into a single Fourier transform frame. .
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
cvt - calculate VESA CVT mode lines
ctangle, cweave - translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
cytune - tune driver parameters for Cyclades-Z multiport serial card
c2ph, pstruct - Dump C structures as generated from "cc -g -S" stabs
c89 - ANSI (1989) C compiler
c89 - ANSI (1989) C compiler
c99 - ANSI (1999) C compiler
c99 - ANSI (1999) C compiler
DansGuardian2 - web content filter
dash — command interpreter (shell)
date - vypíše nebo nastaví systémové datum a čas
date - print or set the system date and time
dbus-cleanup-sockets - clean up leftover sockets in a directory
dbus-daemon - Message bus daemon
dbus-launch - Utility to start a message bus from a shell script
dbus-monitor - debug probe to print message bus messages
dbus-send - Send a message to a message bus
dbus-uuidgen - Utility to generate UUIDs
dc - an arbitrary precision calculator
dd - konvertuje a kopíruje soubor
dd - convert and copy a file
deallocvt - deallocate unused virtual consoles
debconf-apt-progress - installiere Pakete mittels Debconf zur Anzeige eines Fortschrittsbalkens
debconf-apt-progress - install packages using debconf to display a progress bar
debconf-apt-progress - Instala paquetes usando debconf para mostrar una barra de progreso
debconf-apt-progress - installer des paquets utilisant debconf en affichant une barre d'avancement
debconf-apt-progress - устанавливает пакеты используя debconf для показа индикатора выполнения
debconf-communicate - kommuniziere mit Debconf
debconf-communicate - communicate with debconf
debconf-communicate - Permite la comunicación con debconf
debconf-communicate - communiquer avec debconf
debconf-communicate - программа для взаимодействия с debconf
debconf-copydb - kopiere eine Debconf-Datenbank
debconf-copydb - copy a debconf database
debconf-copydb - Copia una base de datos de debconf
debconf-copydb - copier une base de données debconf
debconf-copydb - копирует базу данных debconf
debconf - führe ein Debconf-verwendendes Programm aus
debconf - run a debconf-using program
debconf - Ejecuta un programa que hace uso de debconf
debconf-escape - Helfer beim Arbeiten mit Debconfs Schutz-Fähigkeit
debconf-escape - helper when working with debconf's escape capability
debconf-escape - Asistente para la interacción con la funcionalidad de escape de debconf
debconf-escape - assistant pour la fonctionnalité d'échappement de debconf
debconf-escape - помощник при работе с возможностью debconf escape
debconf - Exécuter un programme utilisant debconf
debconf-gettextize - extrahiere Übersetzungen von Debconf-Vorlagen in PO-Dateien
debconf-gettextize - extract translations of debconf templates into PO files
debconf-gettextize - Convertir des questionnaires debconf en fichiers PO
debconf-gettextize -- создаёт PO-файлы из шаблонов debconf для последующего перевода
debconf - запускает программу, использующую debconf
debconf-set-selections - füge neue Vorgabewerte in die Debconf-Datenbank ein
debconf-set-selections - insert new default values into the debconf database
debconf-set-selections - Inserta nuevos valores predefinidos en la base de datos de debconf
debconf-set-selections - insérer de nouvelles valeurs par défaut dans la base de données de debconf
debconf-set-selections - вставляет новые ответы по умолчанию в базу данных debconf
debconf-show - frage die Debconf-Datenbank ab
debconf-show - query the debconf database
debconf-show - Realiza consultas a la base de datos de debconf
debconf-show - interroger la base de données de debconf
debconf-show - выполнить запрос к базе данных debconf
debconf-updatepo - aktualisiere PO-Dateien über Debconf-Vorlagen
debconf-updatepo - update PO files about debconf templates
debconf-updatepo - Mettre à jour les fichiers PO des questionnaires debconf
debconf-updatepo -- обновляет PO-файлы из шаблонов debconf
debfoster — weed unnecessary Debian packages
deborphan - Finden verwaister Pakete
deborphan - Orphaned package finder
deborphan - Busca paquetes huérfanos
deborphan - recherche les paquets orphelins
deborphan - wyszukiwanie pakietów osieroconych
debugfs - ext2/ext3/ext4 file system debugger
deghosting_mask - Creates mask for removing ghosting in images
deja-dup - manual page for deja-dup 22.0
deja-dup - manual page for deja-dup 22.0
deja-dup - manual page for deja-dup 22.0
deja-dup - manual page for deja-dup 22.0
deja-dup-preferences - manual page for deja-dup-preferences 22.0
deluser, delgroup - remove a user or group from the system
deluser, delgroup - Elimina un usuario o grupo del sistema
deluser, delgroup - Retirer un utilisateur ou un groupe du système
deluser, delgroup - usuwa użytkownika lub grupę z systemu
deluser, delgroup - удаляют пользователя или группу из системы
delpart - simple wrapper around the "del partition" ioctl
deluser, delgroup - remove a user or group from the system
deluser, delgroup - Elimina un usuario o grupo del sistema
deluser, delgroup - Retirer un utilisateur ou un groupe du système
deluser, delgroup - usuwa użytkownika lub grupę z systemu
deluser, delgroup - удаляют пользователя или группу из системы
depmod — program to generate modules.dep and map files.
desktop-file-install, desktop-file-edit - Installation and edition of desktop files
desktop-file-install, desktop-file-edit - Installation and edition of desktop files
desktop-file-validate - Validate desktop entry files
detex - a filter to strip TeX commands from a .tex file.
devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump - Utility programs for dumping and verifying iso9660 images.
devede - A simple application to create Video DVDs
devnag - Devanagari for TeX preprocessor
df - vypisuje využití místa na disku
df - report file system disk space usage
dfutool - Device Firmware Upgrade utility
dh_bash-completion - install bash completions for package
dhclient - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Client
dhclient - 動的ホスト設定プロトコルのクライアント
dhclient-script - DHCP client network configuration script
dhclient-script - DHCP クライアントのネットワーク設定スクリプト
dhclient - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Client
dh_installtex - register Type 1 fonts, hyphenation patterns, or formats with TeX
dh_installxmlcatalogs - install and register XML catalog files
dh_pycentral - use the python-central framework to handle Python modules and extensions
dh_pysupport - use the python-support framework to handle Python modules
dh_python2 - calculates Python dependencies, adds maintainer scripts to byte compile files, etc.
dia - a diagram drawing program
dia - un programme de dessin de diagrammes
dialog - display dialog boxes from shell scripts
diff - najde rozdíly mezi dvěma soubory
diff - compare files line by line
diffimg - Calculates intersection between two images
diff3 - compare three files line by line
dig - DNS lookup utility
dijkstra - single-source distance filter
dircolors - nastavení barev pro ls
dircolors - color setup for ls
dir - vypíše obsah adresáře
foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper
dir - list directory contents
(1) Uživatelské příkazy DIRNAME(1)
(1) User Commands DIRNAME(1)
dirsplit - splits directory into multiple with equal size
display - displays an image or image sequence on any X server.
djpeg - decompress a JPEG file to an image file
dmesg - print or control the kernel ring buffer
dmidecode - DMI table decoder
dmsetup - low level logical volume management
dnoise - Reduces noise in a file. .
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
dnsmasq - A lightweight DHCP and caching DNS server.
dnsmasq - Un ligero servidor DHCP y DNS con caché.
Dnsmasq - Un serveur DHCP et cache DNS poids-plume.
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
do-release-upgrade - manual page for do-release-upgrade
dosfsck - check and repair MS-DOS filesystems
dosfslabel - set or get MS-DOS filesystem label
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
dotlockfile - Utility to manage lockfiles
dotty - A Customizable Graph Editor
gxl2gv,gv2gxl - GXL-GV converters
doxygen - documentation system for various programming languages
doxytag - generates a tag file and/or a search index for a set of HTML files
dpkg-architecture - Architektur zum Paketbau setzen und bestimmen
dpkg-architecture - set and determine the architecture for package building
dpkg-architecture - Configurar y determinar la arquitectura para la construcción de paquetes
dpkg-architecture - Fixer et déterminer l'architecture pour la construction d'un paquet
dpkg-architecture - ustawia i zwraca architekturę budowania pakietów.
dpkg-buildflags - liefert Bauschalter zum Einsatz beim Paketbau
dpkg-buildflags - returns build flags to use during package build
dpkg-buildpackage - baue Binär- oder Quellpakete aus Quellen
dpkg-buildpackage - build binary or source packages from sources
dpkg-buildpackage - Construcción de paquetes binarios o fuente a partir de las fuentes
dpkg-buildpackage - Construire depuis les sources des paquets binaires ou sources
dpkg-buildpackage - buduje pakiety źródłowe lub binarne ze źródeł
dpkg - Paketverwalter für Debian
dpkg-deb - Debian-Paketarchiv (.deb) Manipulationswerkzeug
dpkg-deb - Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
dpkg-deb - Herramienta de manipulación de archivos de paquete («.deb») de Debian
dpkg-deb - outil pour la manipulation des archives (.deb) des paquets Debian
dpkg-deb - narzędzie obsługi plików archiwum Debiana (.deb)
dpkg-distaddfile - Einträge zu debian/files hinzufügen
dpkg-distaddfile - add entries to debian/files
dpkg-distaddfile - Añade entradas a «debian/files»
dpkg-distaddfile - Ajouter une entrée au fichier debian/files.
dpkg-distaddfile - dodaje wpisy do debian/files
dpkg-divert - Hinwegsetzen über die Paketversion einer Datei
dpkg-divert - override a package's version of a file
dpkg-divert - Redefine la versión de un fichero del paquete
dpkg-divert - remplacer la version d'un fichier contenu dans un paquet.
dpkg-divert - nadpisywanie plików z pakietów
dpkg - package manager for Debian
dpkg - Gestor de paquetes de Debian
dpkg - un gestionnaire de paquet pour Debian
dpkg-gencontrol - erstelle Debian control-Dateien
dpkg-gencontrol - generate Debian control files
dpkg-gencontrol - Generación de ficheros de control de Debian
dpkg-gencontrol - Créer des fichiers de contrôle Debian.
dpkg-gencontrol - tworzy pliki kontrolne Debiana
dpkg-dpkg-genchanges - erstelle Debian .changes-Dateien
dpkg-genchanges - generate Debian .changes files
dpkg-genchanges - Generación de ficheros de Debian «.changes»
dpkg-genchanges - Créer des fichiers « .changes ».
dpkg-genchanges - tworzy pliki .changes
dpkg-gensymbols - erstelle Symboldateien (Abhängigkeitsinformationen für Laufzeitbibliotheken)
dpkg-gensymbols - generate symbols files (shared library dependency information)
dpkg-gensymbols - Generación de ficheros «symbols» (información de dependencia de bibliotecas compartidas)
dpkg-gensymbols - création des fichiers de symboles (information desti née aux dépendances de bibliothèques partagées)
dpkg-checkbuilddeps - überprüfe Bauabhängigkeiten und -konflikte
dpkg-checkbuilddeps - check build dependencies and conflicts
dpkg-checkbuilddeps - Comprueba las dependencias y conflictos de compilación
dpkg-checkbuilddeps - vérifier les dépendances et les conflits de construction
dpkg-checkbuilddeps - sprawdza zależności i konflikty czasu budowania
dpkg-maintscript-helper - Bekannte Einschränkungen in Dpkg in Betreuer skripten umgehen
dpkg-maintscript-helper - works around known dpkg limitations in main tainer scripts
dpkg-maintscript-helper - Solución alternativa a las limitaciones de dpkg en scripts de mantenedor
dpkg-maintscript-helper - contournement des limitations connues de dpkg dans les scripts du responsable
dpkg-mergechangelogs - 3-Wege-Zusammenführung von debian/change log-Dateien
dpkg-mergechangelogs - 3-way merge of debian/changelog files
dpkg-mergechangelogs - Fusión a partir de tres versiones («3-way merge») de ficheros «debian/changelog»
dpkg-mergechangelogs - fusion triple de fichiers debian/changelog
dpkg-name - Debian-Pakete zu vollen Paketnamen umbenennen
dpkg-name - rename Debian packages to full package names
dpkg-name - Renombra paquetes de Debian a nombres completos de paquete
dpkg-name - redonne aux paquets Debian leur nom complet
dpkg-name - zmienia nazwy pakietów Debiana na pełne
dpkg-parsechangelog - auswerten von Debian changelog-Dateien
dpkg-parsechangelog - parse Debian changelog files
dpkg-parsechangelog - Análisis de ficheros de registro de cambios de Debian
dpkg-parsechangelog - Analyser un fichier changelog Debian.
dpkg-parsechangelog - przetwarza pliki dzienników zmian Debiana
dpkg - menedżer pakietów Debiana
dpkg-preconfigure - lässt Pakete vor ihrer Installation Fragen stellen
dpkg-preconfigure - let packages ask questions prior to their installation
dpkg-preconfigure - Permite que los paquetes formulen preguntas antes de su instalación
dpkg-preconfigure - permet aux paquets de poser des questions avant leur installation
dpkg-preconfigure - позволяет пакетам задать вопросы перед установкой
dpkg-query - ein Werkzeug, um die dpkg-Datenbank abzufragen
dpkg-query - a tool to query the dpkg database
dpkg-query - Una herramienta para consultar la base de datos de dpkg
dpkg-query - Un outil pour interroger la base de données de dpkg
dpkg-reconfigure - rekonfiguriere ein bereits installiertes Paket
dpkg-reconfigure - reconfigure an already installed package
dpkg-reconfigure - Reconfigura un paquete ya instalado
dpkg-reconfigure - reconfigurer un paquet déjà installé
dpkg-reconfigure - перенастраивает заново уже установленный пакет
dpkg-scanpackages - erstelle Packages-Index-Dateien
dpkg-scanpackages - create Packages index files
dpkg-scanpackages - Creación de ficheros de índice «Packages»
dpkg-scanpackages - créer des fichiers d'index de paquets.
dpkg-scanpackages - erstelle Quell-Index-Dateien
dpkg-scansources - create Sources index files
dpkg-scansources - Creación de ficheros de índice «Sources»
dpkg-scansources - créer des fichiers d'index de sources
dpkg-scanpackages - tworzy pliki indeksowe Sources
dpkg-shlibdeps - erstelle Substvar-Abhängigkeiten für Laufzeitbiblio theken
dpkg-shlibdeps - generate shared library substvar dependencies
dpkg-shlibdeps - Genera dependencias de bibliotecas compartidas de sustitución de variables
dpkg-shlibdeps - générateur de variables de substitution de dépendances pour bibliothèques partagées
dpkg-shlibdeps - generowanie zależności podstawień współdzielonych bibliotek
dpkg-source - Debian Quellpaket- (.dsc) Manipulations-Werkzeuge
dpkg-source - Debian source package (.dsc) manipulation tool
dpkg-source - Herramienta de manipulación de paquetes fuente de Debian «.dsc»
dpkg-source - outil de manipulation des paquets sources Debian (.dsc).
dpkg-split - Debian-Paketarchiv Teilungs- und Zusammensetzwerkzeug
dpkg-split - Debian package archive split/join tool
dpkg-split - Herramienta para separar y unir paquetes Debian
dpkg-split - outil de décomposition/recomposition des paquets Debian
dpkg-split - narzędzie dzielenia/łączenia pakietów Debiana
dpkg-statoverride - über Eigentümerschaft und Modus von Dateien hinweg setzen
dpkg-statoverride - override ownership and mode of files
dpkg-statoverride - Sustitución del propietario y modo de ficheros
dpkg-statoverride - annuler la propriété et le mode des fichiers
dpkg-statoverride - nadpisywanie właściciela i praw plików
dpkg-trigger - ein Paket-Trigger-Hilfswerkzeug
dpkg-trigger - a package trigger utility
dpkg-trigger - Herramienta de disparadores de paquete
dpkg-trigger - un utilitaire pour activer les actions différées de paquets
dpkg-trigger - program pomocniczy wyzwalaczy dla pakietów
dpkg-vendor - fragt Informationen über den Distributionslieferanten ab
dpkg-vendor - queries information about distribution vendors
dpkg-vendor - Consulta información relativa al proveedor de la publicación
dpkg-vendor - récupére les informations sur les éditeurs de distribu tion
dpkg-vendor - odczytuje informację o twórcach dystrybucji
dprofpp - display perl profile data
dt2dv - convert a DTL text representation of a TeX DVI file to a binary DVI file
du - odhaduje využití diskového prostoru
du - estimate file space usage
dumpcap - Dump network traffic
dumpe2fs - dump ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem information
gnash, gtk-gnash, qt4-gnash, dump-gnash, fb-gnash, sdl-gnash, gnash- gtk-launcher, gnash-qt-launcher - GNU Flash (SWF) Player
dumpkeys - dump keyboard translation tables
duplicity - Encrypted backup using rsync algorithm
dvdauthor - assembles multiple mpeg program streams into a suitable DVD filesystem
dvddirdel — Deletes a previously authored DVD directory structure in DIR
dev-ram-control - checks features of DVD-RAM discs
dvd::rip - GUI for copying DVDs
dvd+rw-booktype - format DVD+-RW/-RAM disk with a logical format
dvd+rw-format - format DVD+-RW/-RAM disk
dvd+rw-mediainfo - display information about dvd drive and disk
dvdunauthor — Removes DVD-Video file structure
dvdxchap - Extract chapter information from DVDs
dvibook - rearrange pages in DVI file into signatures
dviconcat - concatenate DVI files
dvicopy - produce modified copy of DVI file
dvihp - convert a TeX DVI file to Hewlett-Packard PCL
dvilj4, dvilj4l, dvilj2p, dvilj - convert a TeX DVI file to PCL, for HP LaserJet printers
dvilj4, dvilj4l, dvilj2p, dvilj - convert a TeX DVI file to PCL, for HP LaserJet printers
dvilj4, dvilj4l, dvilj2p, dvilj - convert a TeX DVI file to PCL, for HP LaserJet printers
dvilj4, dvilj4l, dvilj2p, dvilj - convert a TeX DVI file to PCL, for HP LaserJet printers
dvilj4, dvilj4l, dvilj2p, dvilj - convert a TeX DVI file to PCL, for HP LaserJet printers
dvipdf - Převede soubor z formátu TeX DVI na PDF za použití programů ghostscript a dvips
dvipdf - konvertiert TeX-DVI-Dateien nach PDF mittels Ghostscript und dvips
dvipdf - Convert TeX DVI file to PDF using ghostscript and dvips
dvipdfm - Produce PDF files directly from DVI files
dvipdft - create thumbnail images for use with dvipdfm
dvipos - compute positions in a DVI file
dvips - convert a TeX DVI file to PostScript
dvired - print dvi-files
dviselect - extract pages from DVI files
dvitodvi - rearrange pages in a DVI file
dvitomp - convert a TeX DVI file to a MetaPost MPXFILE
dvitype - translate a dvi file for humans
dvi2fax - convert a TeX DVI file to G3 fax format
dvi2tty - preview a dvi-file on an ordinary ascii terminal
dv2dt - convert a binary TeX DVI file to DTL text representation
extractbb, ebb - extract bounding box information from graphics files
ebrowse - create a class hierarchy database
ebrowse - create a class hierarchy database
ed, red - text editor
editcap - Edit and/or translate the format of capture files
run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print - execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
editkeep - Oberfläche für Deborphan
editkeep - frontend for deborphan
editkeep - Interfaz para deborphan
editkeep - interface de deborphan pour la gestion des paquets à conser ver
editkeep - interfejs programu deborphan
nano - Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
editres - a dynamic resource editor for X Toolkit applications
grep, egrep, fgrep - tiskne řádky, které odpovídají zadanému vzoru
grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep - print lines matching a pattern
echo - zobrazí řádek textu
echo - display a line of text
eject - eject removable media
ekiga-config-tool - Ekiga GConf Setup Configuration Assistant.
Ekiga - SIP and H.323 Voice over IP and Videoconferencing for UN*X
elfedit - Update the ELF header of ELF files.
ellcc - Program to compile an emacs dynamic module
ellcc - Program to compile an emacs dynamic module
emacsclient - tells a running Emacs to visit a file
emacsclient - tells a running Emacs to visit a file
emacs - GNU project Emacs
emacs - GNU project Emacs
emacs - GNU project Emacs
empathy-accounts - Accounts configuration dialog for Empathy instant messaging client
empathy - GNOME multi-protocol chat and call client
enblend - combine images using a multiresolution spline
enblend - combine images using a multiresolution spline
encfsctl - administrative tool for working with EncFS filesystems
encfs - mounts or creates an encrypted virtual filesystem
enc2xs -- Perl Encode Module Generator
enfuse - poor man's HDR
enfuse - poor man's HDR
Enchant - a spellchecker
enchant-lsmod - Show information about available spell-checking modules and dictionaries.
env - spustí program v modifikovaném prostředí
env - run a program in a modified environment
envext - Extracts the envelope of a file to a text file. .
envsubst - substitutes environment variables in shell format strings
eog - a GNOME image viewer
epsffit - fit encapsulated PostScript file (EPSF) into constrained size
epstopdf, repstopdf - convert an EPS file to PDF
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "Distiller"
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
eqn - format equations for troff or MathML
eqn2graph - convert an EQN equation into a cropped image
esc-m - ease viewing output of driver data
espeak - A multi-lingual software speech synthesizer.
etags, ctags - generate tag file for Emacs, vi
etags, ctags - generate tag file for Emacs, vi
etags, ctags - generate tag file for Emacs, vi
etex, einitex, evirtex - extended TeX
etherape - graphical network traffic browser
eventlogadm - push records into the Samba event log store
evince - GNOME document viewer
evince-thumbnailer - create png thumbnails from PostScript and PDF doc uments
exaile - music manager and player
execl, execlp, execle, execv, execvp, execvpe - execute a file
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
exifautotran - Transforms Exif files so that Orientation becomes 1
exiftool - Read and write meta information in files
exit - normálně ukončí proces
exit - cause normal process termination
expand - convert tabs to spaces
expiry - zkontroluje a vynutí politiku vypršení platnosti hesla
expiry - check and enforce password expiration policy
expiry - Vérifier et sécuriser la durée de validité des mots de passe
expiry - パスワードの期限切れポリシーのチェックと執行
expiry - sprawdzenie ważności i wymuszenie zmiany hasła
expiry - проверяет и изменяет пароль согласно срокам действия
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
expr - vyhodnotí výraz
expr - evaluate expressions
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
extractbb, ebb - extract bounding box information from graphics files
extractor - Extract a section of audio from an audio file. .
extractres - filter to extract resources from a PostScript document
extresso - wrapper for wrestool and icotool
eyuvtoppm - convert a Berkeley YUV file to a portable pixmap file
e2freefrag - report free space fragmentation information
e2fsck - check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
e2image - Save critical ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem metadata to a file
e2label - Change the label on an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
e2pall - convert all EPS files in a LaTeX document to PDF
e2undel — Undelete files on ext2 file systems interactively
e2undo - Replay an undo log for an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
e4defrag - online defragmenter for ext4 filesystem
factor - factor numbers
faillog - zobrazí záznamy faillogu nebo nastaví limity na chybná přihlášení
faillog - display faillog records or set login failure limits
faillog - Examiner le fichier faillog, et fixer les limites d'échecs de connexion
faillog - faillog を調べ、login 失敗の制限を設定する
faillog - display faillog records or set login failure limits
faillog - показывает записи из файла faillog или задаёт предел неудачных попыток входа в систему
faked - Daemon, der sich an gefälschte Besitz-/Zugriffsrechte von Dateien erinnert, die durch fakeroot-Prozesse manipuliert wurden
faked - daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of files manipulated by fakeroot processes.
faked - demonio que recuerda los propietarios/permisos falsos de ficheros manipulados por un proceso fakeroot.
Faked - démon qui mémorise les permissions et propriétaires factices des fichiers manipulés par les processus sous fakeroot.
faked - Daemon, der sich an gefälschte Besitz-/Zugriffsrechte von Dateien erinnert, die durch fakeroot-Prozesse manipuliert wurden
faked - daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of files manipulated by fakeroot processes.
faked - demonio que recuerda los propietarios/permisos falsos de ficheros manipulados por un proceso fakeroot.
Faked - démon qui mémorise les permissions et propriétaires factices des fichiers manipulés par les processus sous fakeroot.
fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation
fakeroot - ejecuta una orden en un entorno que falsea privilegios de superusuario para la manipulación de ficheros
fakeroot - lance une commande dans un environnement simulant les privi lèges du superutilisateur pour la manipulation des fichiers.
fakeroot - einen Befehl zur Dateimanipulation in einer Umgebung mit gefälschten Root-Rechten ausführen
fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation
fakeroot - ejecuta una orden en un entorno que falsea privilegios de superusuario para la manipulación de ficheros
fakeroot - lance une commande dans un environnement simulant les privi lèges du superutilisateur pour la manipulation des fichiers.
fakeroot - einen Befehl zur Dateimanipulation in einer Umgebung mit gefälschten Root-Rechten ausführen
fakeroot - run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file manipulation
fakeroot - ejecuta una orden en un entorno que falsea privilegios de superusuario para la manipulación de ficheros
fakeroot - lance une commande dans un environnement simulant les privi lèges du superutilisateur pour la manipulation des fichiers.
fallocate - preallocate space to a file
false - nedělá nic, neúspěšně
false - do nothing, unsuccessfully
fbcat - takes a screenshot using the framebuffer device
fbgrab - takes a screenshot using the framebuffer device
fc-cache - build font information cache files
fc-cat - read font information cache files
fc-list - list available fonts
fc-match - match available fonts
fc-query - query font files
fc-scan - scan font files or directories
fdformat - low-level format a floppy disk
fdisk - manipulate disk partition table
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
festival_client - client access to festiva; text-to-speech server mode
festival - a text-to-speech system.
ffmpeg - ffmpeg video converter
fgconsole - print the number of the active VT.
grep, egrep, fgrep - tiskne řádky, které odpovídají zadanému vzoru
grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep - print lines matching a pattern
fiascotopnm - Convert compressed FIASCO image to PGM, or PPM
fidentify - Recover lost files from harddisk, digital camera and cdrom
fig2dev - translates Fig code to various graphics languages
fig2mpdf - creation of multilayer pdf or eps figures from fig files using latex for typesetting
fig2ps2tex - generate a TeX file for including a PostScript file
file — determine file type
filefrag - report on file fragmentation
file-roller - archive manager for GNOME
FileZilla - FTP client
find - search for files in a directory hierarchy
findfs - find a filesystem by label or UUID
findhyph -- find words hyphenated by TeX in a document
findmnt - find a filesystem
findsmb - list info about machines that respond to SMB name queries on a subnet
find2perl - translate find command lines to Perl code
firefox - a free and open source web browser from Mozilla
fitstopnm - convert a FITS file into a portable anymap
fixdlsrps - filter to fix DviLaser/PS documents to work with PSUtils
fixfmps - filter to fix Framemaker documents so PSUtils work
fixmacps - filter to fix Macintosh documents with saner version of md
fixpsditps - filter to fix Transcript psdit documents so PSUtils work
fixpspps - filter to fix PSPrint PostScript so PSUtils work
fixscribeps - filter to fix Scribe documents so PSUtils work
fixtpps - filter to fix Tpscript documents to work with PSUtils
fixwfwps - filter to fix Word for Windows documents so PSUtils work
fixwpps - filter to fix WP documents so PSUtils work
fixwwps - filter to fix Windows Write documents so PSUtils work
flock - manage locks from shell scripts
fmt - simple optimal text formatter
fmtutil - utility for maintaining TeX format files
fmtutil - utility for maintaining TeX format files
fold - wrap each input line to fit in specified width
fontinst - utility to run TeX as fontinst
fonttosfnt - Wrap a bitmap font in a sfnt (TrueType) wrapper
font2afm - create font metrics (in afm format) for (almost) any font file
font2c - zapíše PostScript Type 0 nebo Type 1 font jako kód jazyka C
font2c - schreibt PostScript-Type-0- oder Type-1-Schriften als C-Code
font2c - Write PostScript Type 0 or Type 1 font as C code
foomatic-addpjloptions - Format PJL option information the for foomatic database
foomatic-combo-xml - <put a short description here>
foomatic-compiledb - Compile the Foomatic printer/driver database
foomatic-configure - the main configuration program of the foomatic printing system.
foomatic-ppdfile - Generate a PPD file for a given printer/driver combo
foomatic-getpjloptions - <put a short description here>
foomatic-kitload - installs a data kit into the foomatic database.
foomatic-perl-data - generate Perl data structures from XML
foomatic-ppdfile - Generate a PPD file for a given printer/driver combo
foomatic-ppd-options - show the PPD options
foomatic-preferred-driver - <put a short description here>
foomatic-printjob - manage printer jobs in a spooler-independent fash ion
foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper
foo2hiperc - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a HIPERC printer stream
foo2hiperc-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a HIPERC printer stream
foo2hp - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a ZJS printer stream
foo2hp2600-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a ZJS printer stream
foo2lava - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a LAVAFLOW or a OPL printer stream
foo2lava-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a LAVAFLOW or OPL printer stream
foo2oak - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw, pgmraw or bitcmyk format into an OAKT printer stream
foo2oak-wrapper - Convert Postscript into an OAKT printer stream
foo2qpdl - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a QPDL printer stream
foo2qpdl-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a QPDL printer stream
foo2slx - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a SLX printer stream
foo2slx-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a SLX printer stream
foo2xqx - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw into a XQX printer stream
foo2xqx-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a XQX printer stream
foo2zjs - Convert Ghostscript pbmraw or bitcmyk format into a ZJS printer stream
foo2zjs-icc2ps - little cms PostScript converter.
foo2zjs-pstops - Add PS code for foo2*-wrapper
foo2zjs-wrapper - Convert Postscript into a ZJS printer stream
fping - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
fping - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
free - zobrazuje podíl volné a používané paměti v systému
free - Display amount of free and used memory in the system
freshclam - update virus databases
fribidi - a command line interface for the fribidi library, converts a logical string to visual
from — print names of those who have sent mail
fsck - check and repair a Linux filesystem
e2fsck - check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
e2fsck - check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
e2fsck - check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
e2fsck - check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
fsck.minix - check consistency of Minix filesystem
dosfsck - check and repair MS-DOS filesystems
fsck.nfs - Dummy fsck.nfs script that always returns success.
dosfsck - check and repair MS-DOS filesystems
fsfreeze - suspend access to a filesystem (Linux Ext3/4, ReiserFS, JFS, XFS)
fslsfonts - list fonts served by X font server
fstab-decode - run a command with fstab-encoded arguments
fstobdf - generate BDF font from X font server
fstopgm - convert a Usenix FaceSaver(tm) file into a portable graymap
fstrim - discard unused blocks on a mounted filesystem
ftp — Internet file transfer program
fulla - Correct lens distortion, vignetting and chromatic aberration
funzip - filter for extracting from a ZIP archive in a pipe
fuser - identify processes using files or sockets
fusermount - mount and unmount FUSE filesystems
fzputtygen - SFTP private key converter of FileZilla
fzsftp - SFTP connection handler of FileZilla
gamma4scanimage - create a gamma table for scanimage
gawk - pattern scanning and processing language
gcalccmd - a console calculator
gcalctool - a desktop calculator
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gc - count graph components
-COMMANDER(1) GNOME-COMMANDER(1)
gconf-schemas - register gconf schemas with the gconf database
gconftool-2 - GNOME configuration tool
gconftool-2 - GNOME configuration tool
gcore - Generate a core file for a running process
gcov - coverage testing tool
gcov - coverage testing tool
gdb - The GNU Debugger
gdb - The GNU Debugger
gdbus - Tool for working with D-Bus objects
gdiffmk - mark differences between groff/nroff/troff files
gedit - text editor for the GNOME Desktop
gemtopnm - convert a GEM .img file into a portable anymap
gemtopnm - convert a GEM .img file into a portable anymap
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gencat - Generate message catalog
genisoimage - create ISO9660/Joliet/HFS filesystem with optional Rock Ridge attributes
genresscript - generate resource script from PE and NE binaries
eqn - format equations for troff or MathML
getafm - create an AFM file for a PostScript font.
getcap - examine file capabilities
getcifsacl - Userspace helper to display an ACL in a security descriptor for Common Internet File System (CIFS)
getconf - Query system configuration variables
geteltorito - an El Torito boot image extractor
lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD - Simple command line user agent
getent - get entries from administrative database
getfacl - get file access control lists
gethostip — convert an IP address into various formats
getkeycodes - print kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table
getnonfreefonts - download and install fonts which cannot be distrib uted on a CD
getnonfreefonts - download and install fonts which cannot be distrib uted on a CD
getopt - parse command options (enhanced)
gettext - translate message
gettextize - install or upgrade gettext infrastructure
agetty - alternative Linux getty
gftodvi - make proof sheets from generic font files
gftopk - convert generic font files to packed font files
gftp - file transfer client for *NIX based machines.
gftp - file transfer client for *NIX based machines.
gftp - file transfer client for *NIX based machines.
gftype - translate a generic font file for humans to read
gs - Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and pre viewer)
giftopnm - convert a GIF file into a portable anymap
gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.
gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.
gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.
gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.
ginn - Gesture to Keypress / Mouse Button injector
ginstall-info - update info/dir entries
gio-querymodules - GIO module cache creation
gipddecode - Decode a GIPD stream into human readable form.
gksu - GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
gksu - GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
gksu-properties - Configure the behaviour of gksu
glib-compile-resources - GLib resource compiler
glib-compile-schemas - GSettings schema compiler
gml2gv - GML-DOT converter
gnash, gtk-gnash, qt4-gnash, dump-gnash, fb-gnash, sdl-gnash, gnash- gtk-launcher, gnash-qt-launcher - GNU Flash (SWF) Player
gnash, gtk-gnash, qt4-gnash, dump-gnash, fb-gnash, sdl-gnash, gnash- gtk-launcher, gnash-qt-launcher - GNU Flash (SWF) Player
gcalctool - a desktop calculator
-COMMANDER(1) GNOME-COMMANDER(1)
gnome-control-center — Desktop properties manager
yelp — browse system documentation
gucharmap - Unicode character picker and font browser
gnome-keyring-daemon - keep password and other secrets for users
gnome-language-selector - graphical language selection utility
gnome-open - Open files and URLs using the GNOME file handlers
-POWER-STATISTICS(1) GNOME-POWER-STATISTICS(1)
gnome-screensaver-command - controls GNOME screensaver
gnome-screensaver - screen saver and locker
-SCREENSHOT(1) GNOME-SCREENSHOT(1)
-SESSION(1) GNOME-SESSION(1)
-SESSION-PROPERTIES(1) GNOME-SESSION-PROPERTIES(1)
-SESSION-QUIT(1) GNOME-SESSION-QUIT(1)
-SETTINGS-DAEMON(1) GNOME-SETTINGS-DAEMON(1)
gnome-sound-recorder - simple sound recorder
gnome-system-log - the GNOME System Log Viewer
-SYSTEM-MONITOR(1) GNOME-SYSTEM-MONITOR(1)
gnome-terminal — is a terminal emulation application.
gnome-terminal — is a terminal emulation application.
gedit - text editor for the GNOME Desktop
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuserv, gnuclient - Server and Clients for XEmacs
gnuplot - an interactive plotting program
gnuplot - an interactive plotting program
gocr - command line text recognition tool
gold - The GNU ELF linker
google-chrome - the web browser from Google
gouldtoppm - convert Gould scanner file into a portable pixmap
gparted - Gnome partition editor for manipulating disk partitions.
gpasswd - spravuje soubor /etc/group
gpasswd - administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
gpasswd - Administrer /etc/group et /etc/gshadow
gpasswd - /etc/groupファイルを管理する
gpasswd - administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
gpasswd - administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
gpg-agent - Secret key management for GnuPG
gpgconf - Modify .gnupg home directories
gpg-connect-agent - Communicate with a running agent
gpg - OpenPGP encryption and signing tool
gpg — инструмент для шифрования и цифровой подписи
gpgsplit - Split an OpenPGP message into packets
gpgv - Verify OpenPGP signatures
gpgv2 - Verify OpenPGP signatures
gpg-zip - encrypt or sign files into an archive
gpg2 - OpenPGP encryption and signing tool
pic - compile pictures for troff or TeX
gpm - a cut and paste utility and mouse server for virtual consoles
gpm-mouse-test - a tool for determining mouse type and device it's attached to.
gprof - display call graph profile data
grap2graph - convert a grap diagram into a cropped bitmap image
grep, egrep, fgrep - tiskne řádky, které odpovídají zadanému vzoru
grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep - print lines matching a pattern
grep-changelog - print ChangeLog entries matching criteria
grep-changelog - print ChangeLog entries matching criteria
gresource - GResource tool
grn - groff preprocessor for gremlin files
grodvi - convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff - front-end for the groff document formatting system
groffer - display groff files and man pages on X and tty
grog - guess options for groff command
grolbp - groff driver for Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers).
grolj4 - groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops - PostScript driver for groff
grotty - groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groupadd - Vytvoří skupinu
groupadd - create a new group
groupadd - Créer un nouveau groupe
groupadd - 新しいグループを作成する
groupadd - twółrz nową grupę
groupadd - создаёт новую группу
groupadd - 建 立 新 群 组
groupdel - Smaže skupinu
groupdel - delete a group
groupdel - Supprimer un groupe
groupdel - グループを削除する
groupdel - delete a group
groupdel - удаляет группу
groupdel - 删除群组
groupmod - upraví skupinu
groupmod - modify a group definition on the system
groupmod - Modifier la définition d'un groupe du système
groupmod - グループを修正する
groupmod - modyfikuj definicję grupy systemowej
groupmod - изменяет определение группы в системе
groupmod - 修 改 群 组
groups - vypíše skupiny, jichž je uživatel členem
groups - print the groups a user is in
growisofs - combined genisoimage frontend/DVD recording program.
grpck - ověří integritu skupinových souborů
grpck - verify integrity of group files
grpck - Vérifier l'intégrité des fichiers d'administration des groupes
grpck - グループファイルが正しいかどうか検査する
grpck - verify integrity of group files
grpck - проверяет корректность файлов групп
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - Convertir vers ou depuis les fichiers de mots de passe ou de groupe cachés
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - パスワード・グループの shadow 化 と、通常ファイルへの逆変換
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - преобразует пароли пользователей и групп в/из защищённую форму
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - Convertir vers ou depuis les fichiers de mots de passe ou de groupe cachés
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - パスワード・グループの shadow 化 と、通常ファイルへの逆変換
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - преобразует пароли пользователей и групп в/из защищённую форму
grub-bin2h - convert a binary file to a C header
grub-editenv - edit GRUB environment block
grub-fstest - debug tool for GRUB filesystem drivers
grub-install - install GRUB to a device
grub-menulst2cfg - transform legacy menu.lst into grub.cfg
grub-mkconfig - generate a GRUB configuration file
grub-mkdevicemap - generate a GRUB device map file automatically
grub-mkfont - make GRUB font files
grub-mkimage - make a bootable image of GRUB
grub-mklayout - generate a GRUB keyboard layout file
grub-mknetdir - prepare a GRUB netboot directory.
grub-mkpasswd-pbkdf2 - generate hashed password for GRUB
grub-mkrelpath - make a system path relative to its root
grub-mkrescue - make a GRUB rescue image
grub-mount - export GRUB filesystem with FUSE
grub-probe - probe device information for GRUB
grub-reboot - set the default boot entry for GRUB, for the next boot only
grub-script-check - check grub.cfg for syntax errors
grub-set-default - set the saved default boot entry for GRUB
grub-setup - set up a device to boot using GRUB
gslp - Format and print text using ghostscript gsbj - Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghostscript gsdj - Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghostscript gsdj500 - Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ghost script gslj - Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghostscript
gs - Ghostscript (interpretr a prohlížeč jazyka PostScript a PDF)
gslp - Format and print text using ghostscript gsbj - Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghostscript gsdj - Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghostscript gsdj500 - Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ghost script gslj - Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghostscript
gslp - Format and print text using ghostscript gsbj - Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghostscript gsdj - Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghostscript gsdj500 - Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ghost script gslj - Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghostscript
gs - Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and pre viewer)
gsettings-data-convert - GConf to GSettings data migration
gsettings - GSettings configuration tool
gsettings-schema-convert - GConf to GSettings schema conversion
gsftopk - render a ghostscript font in TeX pk form
gslp - Format and print text using ghostscript gsbj - Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghostscript gsdj - Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghostscript gsdj500 - Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ghost script gslj - Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghostscript
gslp - Formátuje a tiskne text za použití ghostscriptu gsbj - Formátuje a tiskne text pro tiskárnu BubbleJet za použití ghost scriptu gsdj - Formátuje a tiskne text pro tiskárnu DeskJet za použití ghost scriptu gsdj500 - Formátuje a tiskne text pro tiskárnu DeskJet 500 za použití ghostscriptu gslj - Formátuje a tiskne text pro tiskárnu LaserJet za použití ghost scriptu
gslp - Format and print text using ghostscript gsbj - Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghostscript gsdj - Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghostscript gsdj500 - Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ghost script gslj - Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghostscript
gsnd - spustí ghostscript (PostScript a PDF engine) bez displeje
gsnd - startet Ghostscript (PostScript- und PDF-Engine) ohne Display
gsnd - Run ghostscript (PostScript and PDF engine) without display
gst-feedback - generate debug info for GStreamer bug reports
gst-inspect - print info about a GStreamer plugin or element
gst-install - installs missing GStreamer plugins
gst-launch - build and run a GStreamer pipeline
(1) GNOME(1)
gst-typefind - print MIME type of file
gst-visualise - Run a GStreamer pipeline to display an audio visualisa tion
gst-inspect - print info about a GStreamer plugin or element
gst-xmllaunch - build and run a GStreamer pipeline from an XML serial ization
tbl - format tables for troff
gtf - calculate VESA GTF mode lines
gnash, gtk-gnash, qt4-gnash, dump-gnash, fb-gnash, sdl-gnash, gnash- gtk-launcher, gnash-qt-launcher - GNU Flash (SWF) Player
gtk-query-immodules-3.0 - Input method module registration utility
gtk-update-icon-cache - Icon theme caching utility
gtk-update-icon-cache - Icon theme caching utility
gtk-window-decorator - Compiz window decorator using the Gtk toolkit
gucharmap - Unicode character picker and font browser
gzip, gunzip, zcat - compress or expand files
gvcolor - flow colors through a ranked digraph ( previously known as colorize )
gvgen - generate graphs
gvpack - merge and pack disjoint graphs
gvpr - graph pattern scanning and processing language ( previously known as gpr )
gxl2gv,gv2gxl - GXL-GV converters
gxditview - display groff intermediate output files
gxl2gv,gv2gxl - GXL-GV converters
gxl2gv,gv2gxl - GXL-GV converters
gzexe - compress executable files in place
gzip, gunzip, zcat - compress or expand files
g3topbm - convert a Group 3 fax file into a portable bitmap
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
reboot, halt, poweroff - reboot or stop the system
hash - hash database access method
hbpldecode - Decode a HBPL stream into human readable form.
hciattach - attach serial devices via UART HCI to BlueZ stack
hciconfig - configure Bluetooth devices
hciemu - HCI emulator
hcitool - configure Bluetooth connections
hcitrace - hcitrace daemon
hddtemp - Utility to monitor hard drive temperature
hexdump, hd — ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
hdparm - get/set SATA/IDE device parameters
head - output the first part of files
lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD - Simple command line user agent
mailx - send and receive Internet mail
helpztags - generate the help tags file for directory
het_export - Converts a .het file to a comma separated text file. .
het_import - Converts a comma-separated text file to a .het file. .
hetro - Decomposes an input soundfile into component sinusoids. .
hexdump, hd — ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
hexedit - view and edit files in hexadecimal or in ASCII
hipercdecode - Decode a HIPERC stream into human readable form.
hipstopgm - convert a HIPS file into a portable graymap
history - GNU History Library
host - DNS lookup utility
hostid - vypíše číselný identifikátor systému
hostid - print the numeric identifier for the current host
(1) Uživatelské příkazy HOSTNAME(1)
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
hp-align - Printer Cartridge Alignment Utility
hp-clean - Printer Cartridge Cleaning Utility
hp-colorcal - Printer Cartridge Color Calibration Utility
hp-firmware - Firmware Download Utility
hpftodit - create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
hp-check - Dependency/Version Check Utility
hpijs - HP IJS server for the GhostScript IJS client driver
hp-info - Device Information Utility
hp-levels - Supply Levels Utility
hp-makeuri - Device URI Creation Utility
hp-pkservice - Policy Kit Service
hp-plugin - Plugin Download and Install Utility
hp-probe - Printer Discovery Utility
hp-query - Model Query Utility
hp-scan - Scan Utility
hp-setup - Printer/Fax Setup Utility
hp-testpage - Testpage Print Utility
hp-timedate - Time/Date Utility
hp-unload - Photo Card Access Utility
htop - interactive process viewer
httrack - offline browser : copy websites to a local directory
hugin - Hugin panorama creator
hugin_hdrmerge - Merge overlapping images
hugin_stitch_project - Stitch a hugin project
hwclock - query or set the hardware clock (RTC)
hwinfo - probe for hardware
hydrogen - simple drum machine/step sequencer
h2ph - convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
h2xs - convert .h C header files to Perl extensions
chacl - change the access control list of a file or directory
chage - change user password expiry information
chage - Modifier les informations de validité d'un mot de passe
chage - ユーザパスワードの有効期限情報を変更する。
chage - zmiana informacji o terminie ważności hasła użytkownika
chage - изменяет информацию об устаревании пароля пользователя
chardet - universal character encoding detector
gucharmap - Unicode character picker and font browser
chat - Automated conversational script with a modem
chattr - change file attributes on a Linux file system
chcon - change file security context
check-bios-nx - determine if BIOS has blocked CPU's NX capabilities
checkbox, checkbox-cli, checkbox-urwid, checkbox-gtk - Application for system testing
check-language-support - returns the list of missing packages in order to provide a complete language environment
checkpto - Helper program for Hugin's Makefile assistant
chem - groff preprocessor for producing chemical structure diagrams
chfn - ändert den Benutzernamen und sonstige Informationen
chfn - change real user name and information
chfn - Modifier le nom complet et les informations associées à un utilisateur
chfn - ユーザの氏名や情報を変更する。
chfn - 사용자 finger 정보를 바꾼다.
chfn - change real user name and information
chfn - изменяет информацию о пользователе
chfn - 改 变 你 的 finger 讯 息
chgpasswd - update group passwords in batch mode
chgrp - mění skupinu vlastníků
chgrp - change group ownership
chkdupexe - find duplicate executables
chmod - změní přístupová práva k souborům
chmod - change file mode bits
chown - mění souborům vlastníka a skupinu
chown - change file owner and group
chpasswd - update passwords in batch mode
chpasswd - Mettre à jour des mots de passe par lot
chpasswd - パスワードファイルをバッチ処理で更新する
chpasswd - wsadowa aktualizacja haseł użytkowników
chpasswd - обновляет пароли в пакетном режиме
名 chpasswd - 成批更新用户的口令
chroot - provede příkaz nebo interaktivní shell se změněným kořenovým adresářem
chroot - run command or interactive shell with special root directory
chrt - manipulate the real-time attributes of a process
chsh - ändert die Login-Shell
chsh - change login shell
chsh - Changer l'interpréteur de commandes initial
chsh - merubah shell login
chsh - ログインシェルを変更する
chsh - 사용자 로그인 쉘을 바꾼다.
chsh - zmiana powłoki zgłoszeniowej
chsh - изменяет регистрационную оболочку пользователя
chsh - 更换你登入时所用的shell
chvt - change foreground virtual terminal
ibus-daemon - Intelligent Input Bus for Linux / Unix OS
ibus-setup - configuration program for ibus
iceauth - ICE authority file utility
icedax - a sampling utility that dumps CD audio data into wav sound files
ico - animate an icosahedron or other polyhedron
icontopbm - convert a Sun icon into a portable bitmap
iconvconfig - Create fastloading iconv module configuration file
iconv - Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
icotool - Convert and create Win32 icon and cursor files
icpfind - Use heuristic control-point detection strategies
id - vypíše identitu uživatele
id - print real and effective user and group IDs
identify - describes the format and characteristics of one or more image files.
idn - Internationalized Domain Names command line tool
iecset - Set or dump IEC958 status bits
ifconfig - Konfiguration einer Netzwerkskarte
ifconfig - configure a network interface
ifconfig - configure une interface réseau
ifup - bring a network interface up
ifup - bring a network interface up
igawk - gawk with include files
ilbmtoppm - convert an ILBM file into a portable pixmap
imgtoppm - convert an Img-whatnot file into a portable pixmap
import - saves any visible window on an X server and outputs it as an image file. You can capture a single window, the entire screen, or any rectangular portion of the screen.
im-switch - set up input method for X Window
includeres - filter to include resources in a PostScript document
indxbib - make inverted index for bibliographic databases
info - read Info documents
infocmp - compare or print out terminfo descriptions
info - read Info documents
infokey - compile customizations for Info
infotocap - convert a terminfo description into a termcap description
inifile - OpenLink Virtuoso Opensource ini File Editor
initctl - init daemon control tool
initctl2dot - manual page for initctl2dot
init - Upstart process management daemon
init-checkconf - manual page for init-checkconf
inputattach - attach a serial line to an input-layer device
insmod — simple program to insert a module into the Linux Kernel
install - kopíruje soubory a nastavuje jejich atributy
install-docs - Debian-Dokumentation online verwalten
install-docs - manage online Debian documentation
install-docs - gestión de documentación de Debian en línea
install-docs - gestion de la documentation en ligne de Debian
install-docs - zarządzanie dokumentacją Debiana
install - copy files and set attributes
install-info - wrapper around GNU install-info
installkernel - installiert ein neues Kernel-Image
installkernel - install a new kernel image
installkernel - Instala una imagen del núcleo nueva
installkernel - installe une nouvelle image de noyau
install-menu - Process a menu method and generate the menu files for a window manager or a menu-aware application.
install-sgmlcatalog - maintain transitional SGML catalog
instmodsh - A shell to examine installed modules
intel_audio_dump - Dumps the Intel GPU registers for HDMI audio setup.
intel_bios_dumper - Saves the Intel video BIOS contents to a file.
intel_bios_reader - Parses an Intel BIOS and displays many of its tables
intel_error_decode - Decodes an Intel GPU dump automatically captured by the kernel at the time of an error.
intel_gpu_top - Display a top-like summary of Intel GPU usage
intel_gtt - Dump the contents of an Intel GPU's GTT
intel_reg_dumper - Decode a bunch of Intel GPU registers for debugging
intel_reg_read - Reads an Intel GPU register value
intel_reg_write - Set an Intel GPU register to a value
intel_stepping - Display the stepping information for an Intel GPU
intel_upload_blit_large - microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
intel_upload_blit_large_gtt - microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
intel_upload_blit_large_map - microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
intel_upload_blit_small - microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
invoke-rc.d - executes System-V style init script actions
ionice - set or get process I/O scheduling class and priority
iotop - simple top-like I/O monitor
ipcalc - An IP Netmask/broadcast/etc calculator
ipcmk - create various ipc resources
ipcrm - remove a message queue, semaphore set or shared memory id
ipcs - provide information on ipc facilities
ip - show / manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels
iperf - perform network throughput tests
ipptool - perform internet printing protocol requests
iproxy - proxy that enables tcp service access to iPhone/iPod
iptables-apply - a safer way to update iptables remotely
iptables — administration tool for IPv4 packet filtering and NAT
iptables-restore — Restore IP Tables
iptables-save — dump iptables rules to stdout
iptraf - Interactive Colorful IP LAN Monitor
iptables-apply - a safer way to update iptables remotely
ip6tables — IPv6 packet filter administration
ip6tables-restore — Restore IPv6 Tables
ip6tables-save — dump iptables rules to stdout
irqbalance - distribute hardware interrupts across processors on a mul tiprocessor system
isadump - examine ISA registers
isaset - set ISA registers
ischroot - detect if running in a chroot
devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump - Utility programs for dumping and verifying iso9660 images.
isohybrid - Postprocess ISO images for hybrid mode
isohybrid.pl - Postprocess ISO images for hybrid mode (Perl)
devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump - Utility programs for dumping and verifying iso9660 images.
isosize - output the length of an iso9660 filesystem
devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump - Utility programs for dumping and verifying iso9660 images.
ispell-autobuildhash - Autobuilding the ispell hash file for some dicts
ispell-wrapper - smart wrapper for ispell
isql - utility to submit SQL queries to a data source. iusql - Unicode version of isql.
isql-vt - OpenLink Virtuoso Opensource SQL Interface
isql-vt - OpenLink Virtuoso Opensource SQL Interface
istanbul - a desktop session recorder
isql - utility to submit SQL queries to a data source. iusql - Unicode version of isql.
iwconfig - nastavuje rozhraní bezdrátové sítě
iwconfig - configure a wireless network interface
iwconfig - configure une interface réseau sans-fil (wireless)
iw - show / manipulate wireless devices and their configuration
iwevent - Display Wireless Events generated by drivers and setting changes
iwevent - Display Wireless Events generated by drivers and setting changes
iwevent - Display Wireless Events generated by drivers and setting changes
iwgetid - Report ESSID, NWID or AP/Cell Address of wireless network
iwgetid - Report ESSID, NWID or AP/Cell Address of wireless network
iwlist - Get more detailed wireless information from a wireless inter face
iwlist - Get more detailed wireless information from a wireless inter face
iwlist - Get more detailed wireless information from a wireless interface
iwpriv - configure optionals (private) parameters of a wireless network interface
iwpriv - configure optionals (private) parameters of a wireless network interface
iwpriv - configure optionals (private) parameters of a wireless network interface
iwspy - Get wireless statistics from specific nodes
iwspy - Get wireless statistics from specific nodes
iwspy - Get wireless statistics from specific nodes
setarch - change reported architecture in new program environment and set personality flags
cpp - The C Preprocessor
cpp - The C Preprocessor
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc - GNU project C and C++ compiler
join - join lines of two files on a common field
jpegexiforient - reads or writes the Exif Orientation Tag
jpegtopnm - convert JPEG/JFIF file to portable pixmap or graymap
jpegtran - lossless transformation of JPEG files
jpeg2yuv - Convert jpeg images to the yuv format.
json_pp - JSON::PP command utility
kbd_mode - report or set the keyboard mode
kbdrate - reset the keyboard repeat rate and delay time
kbuildsycoca4 - Rebuilds the system configuration cache.
kcookiejar4 - KDE HTTP cookie daemon
kded4 - KDE daemon - triggers Sycoca database updates when needed.
kdeinit4 - KDE process launcher.
kde4-config - Prints KDE installation paths
kerneloops - program to collect and submit kernel oopses to ker neloops.org
kernel-packageconfig - Internal handler of /etc/kernel-pkg.conf.
kernel-packageconfig - Gestionnaire interne de /etc/kernel-pkg.conf.
keyctl - Key management facility control
key.dns_resolver - Upcall for request-key to handle dns_resolver keys
killall - kill processes by name
killall5 -- send a signal to all processes.
kill - posílá procesu signál
kill - send a signal to a process
kioclient - Command-line tool for network-transparent operations
kjscmd - KDE KJSEmbed interpreter
kjs - KDE ECMAScript compatible interpreter
koi8rxterm - X terminal emulator for KOI8-R environments
kpseaccess - determine whether a file can be accessed
kpsetool - script to make teTeX-style kpsetool, kpsexpand, and kpsepath available
kpsereadlink - print contents of symbolic link
kpsestat - compute octal mode from mode of existing file
kpsetool - script to make teTeX-style kpsetool, kpsexpand, and kpsepath available
kpsewhere - Expanding kpsewhich to separately iterate over each texmf tree listed in $TEXMF.
kpsewhich - standalone path lookup and and expansion for kpathsea
kpsetool - script to make teTeX-style kpsetool, kpsexpand, and kpsepath available
kross - KDE application to run kross scripts.
qemu-doc - QEMU Emulator User Documentation
kvm-ok - determine if this system is capable of running hardware accel erated KVM virtual machines (ie, possesses Virtualization Technology)
k3b - KDE CD burning program
lacheck - A consistency checker for LaTeX documents.
lame - create mp3 audio files
laptop-detect - attempt to detect a laptop
last, lastb - show listing of last logged in users
last, lastb - show listing of last logged in users
lastlog - prozkoumá soubor lastlog
lastlog - reports the most recent login of all users or of a given user
lastlog - signaler les connexions les plus récentes de tous les utilisateurs ou d'un utilisateur donné
lastlog - lastlog ファイルを調べる
lastlog - wyświetla informacje o ostanim logowaniu dla wybranego lub wszystkich użytkowaników
lastlog - выводит отчёт о последней регистрации в системе всех или указанного пользователя
latex, elatex, lambda, pdflatex - structured text formatting and type setting
lavadecode - Decode a LAVAFLOW stream into human readable form.
lavpipe - creates raw YUV streams from pipe list scripts
lavplay - Playback and edit MJPEG video
lavtrans - Convert MJPEG videos to other MJPEG video formats
lav2mpeg - easy conversion of lav files to mpeg
lav2wav - Extract the audio out of MJPEG container files to stdout
lav2yuv - Convert a MJPEG file to raw yuv
lcf - Determine which of the historical versions of a config is installed
ldattach - attach a line discipline to a serial line
ld - The GNU linker
ldconfig - configure dynamic linker run-time bindings
ldd - vytiskne závislosti na sdílených knihovnách
ldd - print shared library dependencies
ld - The GNU linker
gold - The GNU ELF linker
ld86 - Linker for as86(1)
leaftoppm - convert Interleaf image format to a portable anymap
leave — remind you when you have to leave
lefty - A Programmable Graphics Editor
lessecho - expand metacharacters
less - opposite of more
lessfile, lesspipe - "input preprocessor" for less.
lesskey - specify key bindings for less
lessfile, lesspipe - "input preprocessor" for less.
lexgrog - wertet die Kopfzeilen-Information von Handbuchseiten aus
lexgrog - parse header information in man pages
lexgrog - Analyser l'information contenue dans l'en-tête des pages de manuel
lexgrog - ambil kepala informasi dalam halaman buku panduan
lexgrog - マニュアルページのヘッダー情報を解釈する
lexgrog - przetwarza nagłówki stron podręcznika ekranowego
lexgrog - анализирует заголовочную информацию справочных страниц
LHa - LZH un-archiver
名 LHa - 高圧縮アーカイバ
libgvc5-config-update - maintain libgvc's configuration file
libnetcfg - configure libnet
 
lightdm - a display manager
linefind - Detect vertical features in images
lingot - accurate and easy to use musical instrument tuner
link - zavolá funkci link k vytvoření odkazu na soubor
link - call the link function to create a link to a file
setarch - change reported architecture in new program environment and set personality flags
setarch - change reported architecture in new program environment and set personality flags
lispmtopgm - convert a Lisp Machine bitmap file into pgm format
list_audio_tracks is an alias for icedax.
listres - list resources in widgets
lkbib - search bibliographic databases
ln - vytváří odkazy na soubory
lneato - A Customizable Graph Editor
ln - make links between files
lnstat - unified linux network statistics
loadkeys - load keyboard translation tables
loadunimap - load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
 
localedef - compile locale definition files
locale - Get locale-specific information.
locale-gen - compile a list of locale definition files
local - Postfix local mail delivery
locate - find files by name
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
 
 
 
logger — a shell command interface to the syslog(3) system log module
login - startet eine Sitzung auf dem System
login - begin session on the system
login - Démarrer une session sur le système
login - masuk ke system
login - システム上でセッションを開く
login - 시스템 접속
login - начинает сеанс в системе
(1) Uživatelské příkazy LOGNAME(1)
(1) User Commands LOGNAME(1)
login, logout - write utmp and wtmp entries
logrotate - rotates, compresses, and mails system logs
logsave - save the output of a command in a logfile
 
 
lookbib - search bibliographic databases
look — display lines beginning with a given string
lorder — list dependencies for object files
losetup - set up and control loop devices
 
ntfs-3g - Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
 
lpadmin - configure cups printers and classes
lpanal - Performs both linear predictive and pitch-tracking analysis on a soundfile. .
lpc - Zeilendrucker-Steuerprogramm (line printer control program)
lpc - line printer control program
lpc - Programme de contrôle d'imprimantes par ligne.
lp - Dateien drucken
foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper
lp - print files
lp - Imprimer des fichiers.
lpinfo - show available devices or drivers
lpmove - verschiebe einen oder alle Aufträge zu einem neuen Ziel
lpmove - move a job or all jobs to a new destination
lpmove - Déplacer un travail d'impression (ou tous) vers une nouvelle destination.
lpoptions - zeigt oder setzt Druckeroptionen und -voreinstellungen
lpoptions - display or set printer options and defaults
lpoptions - Afficher et définir les options et paramètres par défaut d'une imprimante.
lppasswd - add, change, or delete digest passwords.
lpq - zeigt den Status von Druckerwarteschlangen
lpq - show printer queue status
lpq - Afficher l'état d'une file d'attente d'impression.
lpr - druckt Dateien
lpr - print files
lpr - Imprimer des fichiers.
lprm - Druckaufträge abbrechen
lprm - cancel print jobs
lprm - Annuler des travaux d'impression.
lpstat - gibt CUPS-Statusinformationen aus
lpstat - print cups status information
lpstat - Afficher l'état de CUPS.
lsattr - list file attributes on a Linux second extended file system
lsblk - list block devices
lsb_release - print distribution-specific information
lscpu - display information on CPU architecture
ls - vypíše obsah adresáře
lsdvd - read the content info of a DVD
ls - list directory contents
lshw - list hardware
lsinitramfs - list content of an initramfs image
lsmod — program to show the status of modules in the Linux Kernel
lsof - list open files
lspci - list all PCI devices
pccardctl - PCMCIA card control utility lspcmcia - display extended PCMCIA debugging information
lspgpot - extracts the ownertrust values from PGP keyrings and list them in GnuPG ownertrust format.
lss16toppm — Convert an LSS-16 image to PPM
lsusb - list USB devices
ltrace - A library call tracer
luatex, texlua, texluac - An extended version of pdfTeX using Lua as an embedded scripting language
luit - Locale and ISO 2022 support for Unicode terminals
luksformat - Create and format an encrypted LUKS device
lwp-download - Fetch large files from the web
lwp-dump - See what headers and content is returned for a URL
lwp-mirror - Simple mirror utility
lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD - Simple command line user agent
lxterm - locale-sensitive wrapper for xterm
lynx - prohlížeč pro World Wide Web
lynx - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World Wide Web
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff - compare compressed files
xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff - compare compressed files
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
lz - gunzips and shows a listing of a gzip'd tar'd archive
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
xzless, lzless - view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
lzmainfo - show information stored in the .lzma file header
xzmore, lzmore - view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
l2ping - Send L2CAP echo request and receive answer
l2test - L2CAP testing
macptopbm - convert a MacPaint file into a portable bitmap
madplay - decode and play MPEG audio stream(s)
mag - computes fontsizes and magsteps
mailx - send and receive Internet mail
mailx - send and receive Internet mail
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
sendmail - Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
lockfile-progs - command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes (via liblockfile).
mailx - send and receive Internet mail
makecsd - Creates a CSD file from the specified input files. .
MAKEDEV - create devices
make - GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
makeindex - a general purpose, formatter-independent index processor
make-kpkg - build Debian kernel packages from Linux kernel sources
make-kpkg - Construire des paquets Debian du noyau à partir des sources du noyau Linux
make_method - Turn Perl code into an XML description for RPC::XML::Server
make-ssl-cert - Debconf wrapper for openssl
mako-render - renders Mako templates
mandb - Caches für Handbuchseiten-Indizes erzeugen oder aktualisieren
mandb - create or update the manual page index caches
mandb - crea o actualiza los índices temporales de páginas del manual
mandb - Créer ou mettre à jour les bases de données d'indexation des pages de manuel
mandb - buat atau perbarui indeks persediaan halaman buku panduan
mandb - マニュアルページのインデックスキャッシュを作成、更新する
mandb - tworzy lub aktualizuje bufory indeksowe stron podręcznika ekranowego
mandb - создаёт или обновляет кэши index справочных страниц
man - eine Oberfläche für die Online-Referenzhandbücher
man - an interface to the on-line reference manuals
man - una interfaz de los manuales de referencia electrónicos
man - Interface de consultation des manuels de référence en ligne
manhole - Connect to a Twisted Manhole service
man - sebuah antar-muka ke referensi buku panduan online
man - オンラインマニュアルのインターフェース
manpath - bestimmt den Handbuchseiten-Suchpfad
manpath - determine search path for manual pages
manpath - determinar la ruta para las páginas de manual
manpath - Déterminer la liste des chemins d'accès aux pages de manuel
manpath - menentukan jalur pencarian untuk halaman buku panduan
manpath - マニュアルページの検索パスを設定します
manpath - określa ścieżkę przeszukiwania stron podręcznika ekranowego
manpath - определяет путь поиска справочных страниц
man - interfejs stron podręcznika ekranowego
man - доступ к справочным страницам
mapscrn - load screen output mapping table
matchpoint - Run feature detection and extraction
 
mawk - pattern scanning and text processing language
 
 
 
mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.
mcedit - Internal file editor of GNU Midnight Commander.
mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.
mc - Entorno visual para sistemas tipo Unix.
mcomp - Compares two files using mtools
mcookie - generate magic cookies for xauth
 
mc - wizualny interpetator poleceń dla systemów Unixopodobnych
 
mc-tool - manipulate Mission Control accounts from the command line
mcview - Internal file viewer of GNU Midnight Commander.
-WAIT-FOR-NAME(1) Utilities MC-WAIT-FOR-NAME(1)
mdatopbm - convert a Microdesign .mda or .mdp file into a portable bit map
 
 
 
 
md5pass - Create an MD5 password hash
md5sum - počítá a kontroluje kontrolní MD5 součty
md5sum - compute and check MD5 message digest
md5sum - compute and check MD5 message digest
meinproc4 - KDE translator for XML
memdiskfind - utility to search for a MEMDISK instance
 
mplayer - Movie Player mencoder - Movie Encoder
mplayer - movie player mencoder - movie encoder
mplayer - reproductor de películas mencoder - codificador de películas
mplayer - Lecteur vidéo mencoder - Encodeur vidéo
mplayer - odtwarzacz filmów mencoder - enkoder (koder) filmów
mplayer - медиа проигрыватель mencoder - медиа кодировщик
mplayer - 影视播放器 mencoder - 影视编解码器
mergecap - Merges two or more capture files into one
mesg - control write access to your terminal
METACITY - minimal GTK2 Window Manager
METACITY-MESSAGE - a command to send a message to Metacity
metacity-theme-viewer - view metacity themes
metacity-window-demo - demo of window features
mev - a program to report mouse events
mf, mf-nowin, inimf, virmf - Metafont, a language for font and logo design
mf, mf-nowin, inimf, virmf - Metafont, a language for font and logo design
 
mft - translate Metafont code to TeX code for prettyprinting
mgrtopbm - convert a MGR bitmap into a portable bitmap
mcheck - verify all files on an MS-DOS formatted disk
mid3iconv - convert ID3 tag encodings
mid3v2 - audio tag editor similar to 'id3v2'
mii-tool - view, manipulate media-independent interface status
mimeopen - Open files by mimetype
mimetype - Determine file type
 
min12xxw - Convert pbmraw streams to Minolta PagePro 12xxW languages
miro - a GTK+ based RSS video aggregator and player
miro - a GTK+ based RSS video aggregator and player
mixer - Mixes together a number of soundfiles. .
mkdir - vytváří adresáře
mkdir - make directories
mkdiskimage - Create a blank MS-DOS formatted hard disk image
mkdosfs - create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
mke2fs - create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mkfifo - vytváří pojmenované roury FIFO
mkfifo - make FIFOs (named pipes)
mkfontdir - create an index of X font files in a directory
mkfontscale - create an index of scalable font files for X
mkfs.bfs - make an SCO bfs filesystem
mkfs - build a Linux filesystem
mke2fs - create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mke2fs - create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mke2fs - create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mke2fs - create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mkfs.minix - make a Minix filesystem
mkdosfs - create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
mkntfs - create an NTFS file system
mkdosfs - create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
mkhomedir_helper - Helper binary that creates home directories
mkindex - script to process LaTeX index and glossary files
mkinitramfs - low-level tool for generating an initramfs image
mkjobtexmf -- Generate a texmf tree for a particular job
mklost+found - create a lost+found directory on a mounted Linux second extended file system
 
mk_modmap - translate a Linux keytable file into an xmodmap file
mknod - vytváří speciální soubory
mknod - make block or character special files
mkntfs - create an NTFS file system
mkocp - frontend to otp2ocp(1)
mkofm - front end to mktextfm(1)
mkpasswd - Overfeatured front end to crypt(3)
mksmbpasswd - formats a /etc/passwd entry for a smbpasswd file
mkswap - set up a Linux swap area
mktemp - create a temporary file or directory
fmtutil - utility for maintaining TeX format files
mktexlsr - create ls-R databases
mktexmf - create a Metafont source file
mktexpk - create a PK file for a font
mktextfm - create a TFM file for a font
mkzftree - Create a zisofs/RockRidge compressed file tree
 
locate - find files by name
 
 
 
mmroff - reference preprocessor
mm2gv - Matrix Market-DOT converters
modinfo — program to show information about a Linux Kernel module
modprobe — program to add and remove modules from the Linux Kernel
moggsplit - split Ogg logical streams
mogrify - resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more. Mogrify overwrites the original image file, whereas, convert(1) writes to a different image file.
moncmd - send commands to mon daemon and show the results.
mon - monitor services for availability, sending alarms upon failures.
monfailures - Lists mon failures
monshow - show operational status of mon server.
montage - create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.
more — file perusal filter for crt viewing
mountall - Mount filesystems during boot
mount.cifs - mount using the Common Internet File System (CIFS)
mount - mount a filesystem
fuse - format and options for the fuse file systems
ntfs-3g - Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
ntfs-3g - Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
ntfs-3g - Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
mountpoint - see if a directory is a mountpoint
mount.cifs - mount using the Common Internet File System (CIFS)
mousetweaks - Accessibility enhancements for pointing devices
 
mpeg2desc — multiplex audio/video streams
mpeg2enc - MPEG-1/2 encoder
mpg321 — Simple and lighweight command line MP3 player
mpg321 — Simple and lighweight command line MP3 player
 
mplayer - Movie Player mencoder - Movie Encoder
mplayer - movie player mencoder - movie encoder
mplayer - reproductor de películas mencoder - codificador de películas
mplayer - Lecteur vidéo mencoder - Encodeur vidéo
mplayer - odtwarzacz filmów mencoder - enkoder (koder) filmów
mplayer - медиа проигрыватель mencoder - медиа кодировщик
mplayer - 影视播放器 mencoder - 影视编解码器
mplex - MPEG 1/2 program/system stream multiplexer
mpost - MetaPost, a system for creating graphics
mp2enc - Simple MPEG-1 layer-II audio encoder
mpg321 — Simple and lighweight command line MP3 player
 
 
mscompress - compress data using LZ77 algorithm
msexpand - decompress data compressed using mscompress(1) or COM PRESS.EXE
msgattrib - attribute matching and manipulation on message catalog
msgcat - combines several message catalogs
msgcmp - compare message catalog and template
msgcomm - match two message catalogs
msgconv - character set conversion for message catalog
msgen - create English message catalog
msgexec - process translations of message catalog
msgfilter - edit translations of message catalog
msgfmt - compile message catalog to binary format
msggrep - pattern matching on message catalog
msginit - initialize a message catalog
msgmerge - merge message catalog and template
msgunfmt - uncompile message catalog from binary format
msguniq - unify duplicate translations in message catalog
 
mt - control magnetic tape drive operation
mt - control magnetic tape drive operation
 
 
mtrace - Interpret output from MALLOC_TRACE
mtr - a network diagnostic tool
mtvtoppm - convert output from the MTV or PRT ray tracers into a porta ble pixmap
 
mutagen-inspect - view Mutagen-supported audio tags
mutagen-pony - scan a collection of MP3 files
mutt_dotlock - Lock mail spool files.
mutt - The Mutt Mail User Agent
mv - přesunuje (přejmenovává) soubory
mv - move (rename) files
mxtar - Wrapper for using GNU tar directly from a floppy disk
 
(1) User Commands NAMEI(1)
(8) Linux's Administrator's Manual NAMEIF(8)
nano - Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
nautilus-connect-server - To Access a remote server
nautilus - the GNOME File Manager
-SENDTO(1) GNOME NAUTILUS-SENDTO(1)
gawk - pattern scanning and processing language
cal, ncal — displays a calendar and the date of Easter
ncat - Concatenate and redirect sockets
nc — arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
ncursesw5-config - helper script for ncurses libraries
ncurses5-config - helper script for ncurses libraries
ndiff - Utility to compare the results of Nmap scans
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
neotoppm - convert an Atari Neochrome .neo into a portable pixmap
nepomukserver - KDE daemon - The Nepomuk server application.
nepomukservicestub - KDE wrapper around Nepomuk service plugins.
neqn - format equations for ascii output
nc — arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
net - Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.
ftp — Internet file transfer program
net - Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.
wodim - write data to optical disk media
net-snmp-config - returns information about installed net-snmp libraries and binaries
netstat - Anzeige von Netzwerksverbindungen, Routentabellen, Schnitt stellenstatistiken, maskierten Verbindungen, Netlink-Nachrichten und Mitgliedschaft in Multicastgruppen
netstat - Print network connections, routing tables, interface statis tics, masquerade connections, and multicast memberships
netstat - Affiche les connexions réseau, les tables de routage, les statistiques des interfaces, les connexions masquées, les messages net link, et les membres multicast.
NetworkManager - network management daemon
sendmail - Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
newgrp - als neue Gruppe anmelden
newgrp - log in to a new group
newgrp - se connecter avec un nouveau groupe
newgrp - 新しいグループにログインする sg - 別のグループ ID でコマンドを実行する
newgrp - log in to a new group
newgrp - выполняет регистрацию пользователя в новой группе
newgrp - 登录到新的用户组中
newusers - update and create new users in batch
newusers - Mettre à jour, ou créer de nouveaux utilisateurs par lots
newusers - ユーザの新規作成や情報更新をバッチ処理で行う
newusers - wsadowa aktualizacja i tworzenie nowych użytkowników
newusers - обновляет и создаёт новые учётные записи пользователей в пакетном режиме
ngettext - translate message and choose plural form
nice - spustí program se změněnou prioritou
nice - run a program with modified scheduling priority
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
nl - number lines of files
nmap - Network exploration tool and security / port scanner
nm-applet — Network management framework
nmbd - NetBIOS name server to provide NetBIOS over IP naming services to clients
nmblookup - NetBIOS over TCP/IP client used to lookup NetBIOS names
nmblookup - NetBIOS over TCP/IP client used to lookup NetBIOS names
nmcli - command-line tool for controlling NetworkManager
nm - list symbols from object files
nm-online - ask NetworkManager whether the network is connected
nm-tool - utility to report NetworkManager state and devices
objdump86, size86, nm86 - Examine object, archive or executable files
nohup - spustí příkaz odolný proti signálu hangup, s výstupem nesměřu jícím na terminál
nohup - run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
nologin - slušně odmítne přihlášení
nologin - politely refuse a login
nologin - вежливо отказывает во входе в систему
nona - Stitch a panorama image
nona_gui - Graphical interface for nona
nop - pretty-print graph file
notify-send - a program to send desktop notifications
nproc - print the number of processing units available
nroff - emulate nroff command with groff
nslookup - query Internet name servers interactively
nstat, rtacct - network statistics tools.
nsupdate - Dynamic DNS update utility
ntfscat - print NTFS files and streams on the standard output
ntfsclone - Efficiently clone, image, restore or rescue an NTFS
ntfscluster - identify files in a specified region of an NTFS volume.
ntfscmp - compare two NTFS filesystems and tell the differences
ntfscp - copy file to an NTFS volume.
ntfsfix - fix common errors and force Windows to check NTFS
ntfsinfo - dump a file's attributes
ntfslabel - display/change the label on an ntfs file system
ntfsls - list directory contents on an NTFS filesystem
ntfsresize - resize an NTFS filesystem without data loss
ntfsundelete - recover a deleted file from an NTFS volume.
ntfs-3g - Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
ntfs-3g.probe - Probe an NTFS volume mountability
ntfs-3g.secaudit - NTFS Security Data Auditing
ntfs-3g.usermap - NTFS Building a User Mapping File
ntpdate-debian - set the date and time via NTP
ntpdate - set the date and time via NTP
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
oakdecode - Decode an OAKT printer stream into human readable form.
obex-data-server - D-Bus service providing OBEX functionality
objcopy - copy and translate object files
objdump - display information from object files.
objdump86, size86, nm86 - Examine object, archive or executable files
oclock - round X clock
odbcinst - command line tool for batch ODBC configuration
od - dump files in octal and other formats
ods-server - minimal OBEX server based on obex-data-server
dvicopy - produce modified copy of DVI file
dvitype - translate a dvi file for humans
ofm2opl - convert Omega and TeX font-metric files to property-list files
oggdec - simple decoder, Ogg Vorbis file to PCM audio file (Wave or RAW).
oggenc - encode audio into the Ogg Vorbis format
ogginfo - gives information about Ogg files, and does extensive valid ity checking
ogg123 - plays Ogg Vorbis files
ogmcat - Concatenate several OGG/OGM files into one big OGG/OGM file
ogmdemux - Extract streams from OGG/OGM files into separate files
ogminfo - Print information about streams in OGG/OGM files
ogmmerge - Merge multimedia streams into an OGG/OGM file
ogmsplit - Split OGG/OGM files into several smaller OGG/OGM files
oinkmaster - update Snort signatures
find - search for files in a directory hierarchy
omfonts - the driver program behind ofm2opl, opl2ofm, ovf2ovp, and ovp2ovf.
omshell - OMAPI Command Shell
on_ac_power - test whether computer is running on AC power
openvt - start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
openssl - OpenSSL command line tool
OpenVAS-Client - The client part of the OpenVAS Security Scanner
OpenVAS-Client - The client part of the OpenVAS Security Scanner
nessusclient-mkcert - Creates a client certificate
openvpn - secure IP tunnel daemon.
openvt - start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
opldecode - Decode a Raster Object (opl) stream into human readable form.
opl2ofm - convert Omega and TeX property-list files to font-metric files
orca - is a scriptable screen reader
orphaner - Oberfläche für Deborphan
orphaner - frontend for deborphan
orphaner - Interfaz de deborphan
orphaner - interface pour deborphan
orhaner - interfejs programu deborphan
osage - filter for drawing clustered graphs
otangle - translate WEB to Pascal
otp2ocp - convert Omega Translation Process files to Omega Compiled Process files
ot2kpx - extract kerning information from an OpenType font
outocp - debug an OCP file
ovf2ovp - convert a virtual font file and its associated font metric file into property-list format
ovp2ovf - convert a virtual property-list file into a virtual font file and its associated font metric file
ownership - Compaq ownership tag retriever
pacat - Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAu dio sound server
pacmd - Reconfigure a PulseAudio sound server during runtime
pactl - Control a running PulseAudio sound server
padsp - PulseAudio OSS Wrapper
less - opposite of more
palmtopnm - convert a Palm pixmap into a portable anymap
pam-auth-update - manage PAM configuration using packaged profiles
pamcut - cut a rectangle out of a PAM, PBM, PGM, or PPM image
pamdeinterlace - remove ever other row from a PAM/PNM image
pamdice - slice a Netpbm image into many horizontally and/or vertically
pamfile - describe a Netpbm (PAM or PNM) file
pam_getenv - get environment variables from /etc/environment
pamoil - turn a PAM image into an oil painting
pacat - Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAu dio sound server
pamstack - stack planes of multiple PAM images into one PAM image
pamstretch - scale up a PNM or PAM image by interpolating between pix els
pamstretch-gen - use pamstretch and pnmscale to scale by non-integer values
pam_tally - The login counter (tallying) module
pam_tally2 - The login counter (tallying) module
panoinfo - List details about the libpano13 library
pano_modify - Change output parameters of project file
pano_trafo - Transform image coordinates.
paperconf - print paper configuration informations
paperconfig - configure the system default paper size
paplay - Play back audio files on a PulseAudio sound server
pacat - Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAu dio sound server
pacat - Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAu dio sound server
GNU Parted - a partition manipulation program
partprobe - inform the OS of partition table changes
partx - tell the Linux kernel about the presence and numbering of on- disk partitions
passwd - ändert das Passwort eines Benutzers
passwd - change user password
passwd - Modifier le mot de passe d'un utilisateur
passwd - ユーザパスワードを変更する
passwd - zmiana hasła użytkownika
passwd - изменяет пароль пользователя
paste - merge lines of files
pasuspender - Temporarily suspend PulseAudio
patgen - generate patterns for TeX hyphenation
pathchk - zkontroluje, zda jména souborů jsou korektní a přenositelná
pathchk - check whether file names are valid or portable
patch - apply a diff file to an original
pax11publish - PulseAudio X11 Credential Utility
pbmclean - flip isolated pixels in portable bitmap
pbmlife - apply Conway's rules of Life to a portable bitmap
pbmmake - create a blank bitmap of a specified size
pbmmask - create a mask bitmap from a regular bitmap
pbmpage - create a one page test pattern for printing
pbmpscale - enlarge a portable bitmap with edge smoothing
pbmreduce - read a portable bitmap and reduce it N times
pbmtext - render text into a bitmap
pbmtextps - render text into a bitmap via postscript
pbmtoascii - convert a portable bitmap into ASCII graphics
pbmtoatk - convert portable bitmap to Andrew Toolkit raster object
pbmtobbnbg - convert a portable bitmap into BitGraph graphics
pbmtocmuwm - convert a portable bitmap into a CMU window manager bitmap
pbmtoepsi - convert a portable bitmap into an encapsulated PostScript style preview bitmap
pbmtoepson - convert a portable bitmap into Epson printer graphics
pbmtogem - convert a portable bitmap into a GEM .img file
pbmtogo - convert a portable bitmap into compressed GraphOn graphics
pbmtog3 - convert a portable bitmap into a Group 3 fax file
pbmtoicon - convert a portable bitmap into a Sun icon
pbmtolj - convert a portable bitmap into HP LaserJet format
pbmtomacp - convert a portable bitmap into a MacPaint file
pbmtomda - convert a portable bitmap to a Microdesign .mda
pbmtomgr - convert a portable bitmap into a MGR bitmap
pbmtonokia - convert a portable bitmap to Nokia Smart Messaging Formats
pbmtopgm - convert portable bitmap to portable graymap by averaging areas
pbmtopi3 - convert a portable bitmap into an Atari Degas .pi3 file
pbmtoplot - convert a portable bitmap into a Unix plot(5) file
pbmtoppa - convert PBM image to HP Printer Performance Architecture (PPA)
pbmtopsg3 - convert PBM images to Postscript with G3 fax compression
pbmtoptx - convert a portable bitmap into Printronix printer graphics
pbmtowbmp - convert a portable bitmap to a wireless bitmap (wbmp) file
pbmtoxbm - convert a portable bitmap into an X11 bitmap
pbmtox10bm - convert a portable bitmap into an X10 bitmap
pbmtoybm - convert a portable bitmap into a Bennet Yee "face" file
pbmtozinc - convert a portable bitmap into a Zinc bitmap
pbmto10x - convert a portable bitmap into Gemini 10X printer graphics
pbmupc - create a Universal Product Code bitmap
pccardctl - PCMCIA card control utility lspcmcia - display extended PCMCIA debugging information
pcimodules - List kernel driver modules available for all currently plugged in PCI devices
pcxtoppm - convert a PCX file into a portable pixmap
pdbedit - manage the SAM database (Database of Samba Users)
pdb2.7 - the Python debugger
pdb2.7 - the Python debugger
pdb3.2 - the Python debugger
pdfopen, pdfclose - manual page for pdfopen 0.4: Acrobat Reader remote control
PDFCROP - crop pdf files to their minimal size.
pdfetex, pdfeinitex, pdfevirtex - PDF output from e-TeX
pdffonts - Portable Document Format (PDF) font analyzer (version 3.00)
pdfimages - Portable Document Format (PDF) image extractor (version 3.00)
pdfinfo - Portable Document Format (PDF) document information extractor (version 3.00)
pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX
pdfopen, pdfclose - manual page for pdfopen 0.4: Acrobat Reader remote control
pdfopt - Ghostscript-PDF-Optimierer
pdfopt - Ghostscript PDF Optimizer
pdfroff - create PDF documents using groff
pdfseparate - Portable Document Format (PDF) page extractor
pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX
pdftocairo - Portable Document Format (PDF) to PNG/JPEG/PDF/PS/EPS/SVG using cairo
pdftohtml - program to convert PDF files into HTML, XML and PNG images
pdftoppm - Portable Document Format (PDF) to Portable Pixmap (PPM) con verter (version 3.00)
pdftops - Portable Document Format (PDF) to PostScript converter (ver sion 3.00)
pdftosrc - extract source file or stream from PDF file
pdftotext - Portable Document Format (PDF) to text converter (version 3.00)
pdfunite - Portable Document Format (PDF) page merger
pdf2dsc - generuje PostScript seznam stránek dokumentu PDF
pdf2dsc - erzeugt eine PostScript-Seitenliste aus einem PDF-Dokument
pdf2dsc - generate a PostScript page list of a PDF document
pdf2ps - Ghostscript převaděč souborů PDF na PostScript
pdf2ps - Ghostscript PDF nach PostScript Konverter
pdf2ps - Ghostscript PDF to PostScript translator
peekfd - peek at file descriptors of running processes
perlbug - how to submit bug reports on Perl
perl - The Perl 5 language interpreter
perlivp - Perl Installation Verification Procedure
perltex - enable LaTeX macros to be defined in terms of Perl code
perlbug - how to submit bug reports on Perl
perl - The Perl 5 language interpreter
pfbtopfa - konvertuje Postscript .pfb fonty na formát .pfa použitím programu ghostscript
pfbtopfa - Convert Postscript .pfb fonts to .pfa format using ghost script
pfbtops - translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pfb2pfa - convert a type1 pfb file (binary MSDOS) into a pfa (ASCII)
pfm2kpx - extract correct kerning information from pfm (Printer Font Metrics) files
ftp — Internet file transfer program
pf2afm - vytvoří soubor AFM ze souborů s Postscript fonty (PFB/PFA/PFM) použitím programu ghostscript
pf2afm - Make an AFM file from Postscript (PFB/PFA/PFM) font files using ghostscript
gawk - pattern scanning and processing language
pg - browse pagewise through text files
pgmbentley - Bentleyize a portable graymap
pgmcrater - create cratered terrain by fractal forgery
pgmedge - edge-detect a portable graymap
pgmenhance - edge-enhance a portable graymap
pgmhist - print a histogram of the values in a portable graymap
pgmkernel - generate a convolution kernel
pgmnoise - create a graymap made up of white noise
pnmnorm - normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
pamoil - turn a PAM image into an oil painting
pgmramp - generate a grayscale ramp
pgmslice - extract one line of pixel values out of a portable graymap
pgmtexture - calculate textural features on a portable graymap
pgmtofs - convert portable graymap to Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format
pgmtolispm - convert a portable graymap into Lisp Machine format
pgmtopbm - convert a portable graymap into a portable bitmap
pgmtoppm - colorize a portable graymap into a portable pixmap
pgmtoy4m - Convert mpeg2dec pgm and pgmpipe output to YUV4MPEG2
pgpgpg - wrapper around Gnu Privacy Guard that takes Pretty Good Pri vacy command line options
pgrep, pkill - vyhledává procesy, nebo posílá procesům signály, podle jména a jiných vlastností
pgrep, pkill - look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes
photorec - Recover lost files from harddisk, digital camera and cdrom
pic - compile pictures for troff or TeX
nano - Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
piconv -- iconv(1), reinvented in perl
pic2graph - convert a PIC diagram into a cropped image
pic2tpic - Convert pic files to tpic format
pidgin - Instant Messaging client
pidof -- find the process ID of a running program.
pinentry-gtk-2 - PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
pinentry-gtk-2 - PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
pinentry-gtk-2 - PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
ping, ping6 - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
ping, ping6 - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
pinky - lightweight finger
pitchplay - wrapper script to play audio tracks with cdda2wav with dif ferent pitches through a soundcard (cdda2wav must have soundcard sup port enabled).
pivot_root - change the root filesystem
pi1toppm - convert an Atari Degas .pi1 into a portable pixmap
pi3topbm - convert an Atari Degas .pi3 file into a portable bitmap
pjtoppm - convert an HP PaintJet file to a portable pixmap
pkaction - Get details about a registered action
pkexec - Execute a command as another user
pkfix - replace pk fonts in postscript files with type1 versions
pkfix-helper - preprocess dvips-produced PostScript documents before passing them to pkfix
pkg-config - Return metainformation about installed libraries
pkcheck - Check whether a process is authorized
pgrep, pkill - vyhledává procesy, nebo posílá procesům signály, podle jména a jiných vlastností
pgrep, pkill - look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes
pktogf - convert packed font files to generic font files
pktype - verify and translate a packed font bitmap file to plain text
pk2bm - create a bitmap from a TeX pkfont
SoX - Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipulation
pldd - list dynamic shared objects loaded into process
plipconfig - Einstellung von PLIP Schnittstellen-Parametern
plipconfig - fine tune PLIP device parameters
plipconfig - réglage fin des paramètres du périphérique PLIP
pon, poff, plog - starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connec tions
pltotf - convert property list files to TeX font metric (tfm) format
pl2pm - Rough tool to translate Perl4 .pl files to Perl5 .pm modules.
pmap - vypisuje mapu paměti procesu
pmap - report memory map of a process
pm-action - Suspend or Hibernate your computer
pm-is-supported - Test whether suspend or hibernate is supported.
pm-powersave - Put your computer into low power mode
pm-action - Suspend or Hibernate your computer
pm-action - Suspend or Hibernate your computer
pngtopnm - convert a Portable Network Graphics file into portable anymap
png2yuv - Convert PNG images to the YUV4MPEG stream format.
pnmalias - antialias a portable anyumap.
pnmarith - perform arithmetic on two portable anymaps
pnmcat - concatenate portable anymaps
pnmcolormap - create quantization color map for a portable anymap
pnmcomp - composite (overlay) two portable anymap files together
pnmconvol - general MxN convolution on a portable anymap
pnmcrop - crop a portable anymap
pnmcut - cut a rectangle out of a portable anymap
pnmdepth - change the maxval in a portable anymap
pnmenlarge - read a portable anymap and enlarge it N times
pnmfile - describe a portable anymap
pnmflip - perform one or more flip operations on a portable anymap
pnmgamma - perform gamma correction on a portable anymap
pnmhisteq - histogram equalise a portable anymap
pnmhistmap - draw a histogram for a PGM or PPM file
pnmindex - build a visual index of a bunch of anymaps
pamstretch - scale up a PNM or PAM image by interpolating between pix els
pamstretch-gen - use pamstretch and pnmscale to scale by non-integer values
pnminvert - invert a portable anymap
pnmmargin - add a border to a portable anymap
pnmmontage - create a montage of portable anymaps
pnmnlfilt - non-linear filters: smooth, alpha trim mean, optimal esti mation smoothing, edge enhancement.
pnmtoplainpnm - convert portable any map to plain (ASCII) anymap format
pnmnorm - normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
pnmpad - add borders to portable anymap
pnmpaste - paste a rectangle into a portable anymap
pnmpsnr - compute the difference between two portable anymaps
pnmquant - quantize the colors in a Netpbm image to a smaller set
pnmremap - replace colors in a PPM image with colors from another set
pnmrotate - rotate a portable anymap by some angle
pnmscale - scale a portable anymap
pnmscalefixed - scale a portable anymap quickly, but less accurate
pnmshear - shear a portable anymap by some angle
pnmsmooth - smooth out an image
pnmsplit - split a multi-image portable anymap into multiple single- image files
pnmtile - replicate a portable anymap into a specified size
 
pnmtofiasco - Convert a portable anymap to FIASCO compressed file
pnmtofits - convert a portable anymap into FITS format
pnmtojpeg - convert PNM image to a JFIF ("JPEG") image
pnmtopalm - convert a portable anymap into a Palm pixmap
pnmtoplainpnm - convert portable any map to plain (ASCII) anymap format
pnmtopng - convert a portable anymap into a Portable Network Graphics file
pnmtops - convert portable anymap to PostScript
pnmtorast - convert a portable pixmap into a Sun rasterfile
pnmtorle - convert a Netpbm image file into an RLE image file.
pnmtosgi - convert a portable anymap to a SGI image file
pnmtosir - convert a portable anymap into a Solitaire format
pnmtotiffcmyk - convert a portable anymap into a CMYK encoded TIFF file
pnmtotiff - convert a portable anymap into a TIFF file
pnmtoxwd - convert a portable anymap into an X11 window dump
pnmtoy4m - Convert PNM/PAM images to YUV4MPEG2 stream
pnm2ppa - convert portable anymap (PNM) images to HP's PPA printer for mat.
podebconf-display-po - zeige Inhalte einer PO-Datei in einer Debconf-Schnittstelle
podebconf-display-po - display content of a PO file in a debconf interface
podebconf-display-po - Afficher un fichier PO avec une interface debconf
podebconf-display-po -- показывает содержимое PO-файла в debconf интерфейсе
podebconf-report-po - verschicke aktualisierte PO-Dateien an die letzten Übersetzer
podebconf-report-po - send outdated debconf PO files to the last translators
podebconf-report-po - Envoyer aux traducteurs des fichiers PO debconf obsolètes
podebconf-report-po -- отсылает устаревшие debconf PO-файлы последнему работавшему над ними переводчику
podchecker - check the syntax of POD format documentation files
podselect - print selected sections of pod documentation on standard output
pod2html - convert .pod files to .html files
pod2latex - convert pod documentation to latex format
pod2man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
pod2text - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
pod2usage - print usage messages from embedded pod docs in files
pon, poff, plog - starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connec tions
pon, poff, plog - starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connec tions
pooltype - display a WEB pool file
popcon-largest-unused - List size of unused packages
popularity-contest - list the most popular Debian packages
postalias - Postfix alias database maintenance
postcat - show Postfix queue file contents
postconf - Postfix configuration utility
postdrop - Postfix mail posting utility
lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD - Simple command line user agent
postfix-add-filter - add filter service to Postfix master.cf
postfix-add-policy - add policy service to Postfix master.cf
postfix - Postfix control program
grohtml - html driver for groff
postkick - kick a Postfix service
postlock - lock mail folder and execute command
postlog - Postfix-compatible logging utility
postmap - Postfix lookup table management
postmulti - Postfix multi-instance manager
postqueue - Postfix queue control
postsuper - Postfix superintendent
reboot, halt, poweroff - reboot or stop the system
po2debconf - führe Master-Vorlagendateien und PO-Dateien zusammen
po2debconf - merge master templates file and PO files
po2debconf - Fusionner un fichier maître de questionnaires et des fichiers PO
po2debconf -- объединяет мастер-файл шаблонов и PO-файлы
ppdc - cups ppd compiler
ppdhtml - cups html summary generator
ppdi - import ppd files
ppdmerge - merge ppd files
ppdpo - ppd message catalog generator
ppmbrighten - change an images Saturation and Value from an HSV map
ppmcie - draw a CIE color chart as a PPM image
ppmcolormask - produce mask of areas of a certain color in a PPM file
ppmcolors - generate a color map of all colors of a certain maxval
ppmdim - dim a portable pixmap down to total blackness
ppmdist - simplistic grayscale assignment for machine generated, color images
ppmdither - ordered dither for color images
ppmfade - generate a transition between two image files using special effects.
ppmflash - brighten a picture up to complete white-out
ppmforge - fractal forgeries of clouds, planets, and starry skies
ppmhist - print a histogram of a portable pixmap
ppmchange - change all pixels of one color to another in a portable pixmap
ppmlabel - add text to a portable pixmap
ppmmake - create a pixmap of a specified size and color
ppmmix - blend together two portable pixmaps
pnmnorm - normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
ppmntsc - make a portable pixmap look like taken from an American TV
ppmpat - make a pretty pixmap
ppmquantall - run ppmquant on a bunch of files all at once, so they share a common colormap
ppmquant - quantize the colors in a portable pixmap down to a specified number
ppmqvga - 8 plane quantization
ppmrainbow - Generate a rainbow
ppmrelief - run a Laplacian relief filter on a portable pixmap
ppmshadow - add simulated shadows to a portable pixmap image
ppmshift - shift lines of a portable pixmap left or right by a random amount
ppmspread - displace a portable pixmap's pixels by a random amount
ppmtoacad - convert portable pixmap to AutoCAD database or slide
ppmtobmp - convert a portable pixmap into a BMP file
ppmtoeyuv - convert a portable pixmap into a Berkeley YUV file
ppmtogif - convert a portable pixmap into a GIF file
ppmtoicr - convert a portable pixmap into NCSA ICR format
ppmtoilbm - convert a portable pixmap into an ILBM file
pnmtojpeg - convert PNM image to a JFIF ("JPEG") image
ppmtoleaf - convert portable pixmap to Interleaf image format
ppmtolj - convert a portable pixmap to an HP LaserJet PCL 5 Color file
ppmtolss16 — Convert a PPM to an LSS16 image
ppmtomap - extract all colors from a portable pixmap
ppmtomitsu - convert a portable pixmap to a Mitsubishi S340-10 file
ppmtompeg - encodes MPEG-1 bitstreams
ppmtoneo - convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Neochrome .neo file
ppmtopcx - convert a portable pixmap into a PCX file
ppmtopgm - convert a portable pixmap into a portable graymap
ppmtopict - convert a portable pixmap into a Macintosh PICT file
ppmtopi1 - convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Degas .pi1 file
ppmtopj - convert a portable pixmap to an HP PaintJet file
ppmtopuzz - convert a portable pixmap into an X11 "puzzle" file
ppmtorgb3 - separate a portable pixmap into three portable graymaps
ppmtosixel - convert a portable pixmap into DEC sixel format
ppmtotga - convert portable pixmap into a TrueVision Targa file
ppmtouil - convert a portable pixmap into a Motif UIL icon file
ppmtowinicon - convert 1 or more portable pixmaps into a Windows .ico file
ppmtoxpm - convert a portable pixmap into an X11 pixmap
ppmtoyuv - convert a portable pixmap into an Abekas YUV file
ppmtoyuvsplit - convert a portable pixmap into 3 subsampled raw YUV files
ppmtoy4m - Convert PPM images to YUV4MPEG2 stream
ppmtv - make a portable pixmap look like taken from an American TV
ppm3d - convert two portable pixmap into a red/blue 3d glasses pixmap
pppconfig - konfiguriert Pppd für Verbindungen in das Internet
pppconfig - configure pppd to connect to the Internet
pppconfig - Configurer le démon pppd afin de se connecter à Internet
pppd - Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon
pppdump - convert PPP record file to readable format
pppoeconf — configures a PPPoE (ADSL) connection
pppoe-discovery - perform PPPoE discovery
pppstats - print PPP statistics
pptp - PPTP driver
pptpsetup - Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol setup
prezip, preunzip, precat - prefix delta compressor for Aspell
preconv - convert encoding of input files to something GNU troff under stands
grohtml - html driver for groff
prelude-admin - Manage agents accounts
pr - convert text files for printing
(1) Perl Programmers Reference Guide RENAME(1)
prezip, preunzip, precat - prefix delta compressor for Aspell
prezip-bin - prefix zip delta word list compressor/decompressor
prezip, preunzip, precat - prefix delta compressor for Aspell
printafm - výpis informací o metrice PostScriptového fontu ze souboru ve formátu AFM pomocí programu ghostscript
printafm - Gibt die Metrik einer Postscript-Schrift im AFM-Format mit tels ghostscript aus
printafm - Print the metrics from a Postscript font in AFM format using ghostscript
run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print - execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
printenv - vypíše všechny nebo zadané proměnné prostředí
printenv - print all or part of environment
printerbanner — print large banner on printer
printer-profile - Profile using X-Rite ColorMunki and Argyll CMS
printf - formátuje a vypisuje data
printf - format and print data
profiles - A utility to report and change SIDs in registry files
protoc - compile protocol buffer description files
prove - Run tests through a TAP harness.
prtstat - print statistics of a process
prune - Prune directed graphs
psbook - rearrange pages in PostScript file into signatures
psed - a stream editor
ps - report a snapshot of the current processes.
psfaddtable - add a Unicode character table to a console font
psfgettable - extract the embedded Unicode character table from a con sole font
psfstriptable - remove the embedded Unicode character table from a con sole font
psfxtable - handle Unicode character tables for console fonts
psidtopgm - convert PostScript "image" data into a portable graymap
psjoin - psjoin
pslatex - utility to typeset LaTeX files using PostScript fonts
psmerge - filter to merge several PostScript files into one
psnup - multiple pages per sheet
psresize - rescales and centers a document for new output paper size
psselect - select pages from a PostScript file
pstopnm - convert a PostScript file into a portable anymap
pstops - shuffle pages in a PostScript file
pstree - display a tree of processes
pstree - display a tree of processes
c2ph, pstruct - Dump C structures as generated from "cc -g -S" stabs
ps2ascii - Ghostscript převaděč z PostScriptu nebo PDF na ASCII
ps2ascii - Ghostscript-Übersetzer von PostScript oder PDF nach ASCII
ps2ascii - Ghostscript translator from PostScript or PDF to ASCII
ps2eps - convert PostScript to EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) files
ps2epsi - generuje platný Encapsulated PostScript
ps2epsi - generate conforming Encapsulated PostScript
ps2frag - obsolete shell script for the PSfrag system.
ps2pdf - převede PostScript na PDF pomocí programu ghostscript ps2pdf12 - převede PostScript na PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3 a výše kompati bilní) pomocí programu ghostscript ps2pdf13 - převede PostScript na PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4 a výše kompati bilní) pomocí programu ghostscript
ps2pdf - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF mittels ghostscript ps2pdf12 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.2 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 3 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf13 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.3 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 4 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf14 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.4 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 5 und später) mittels ghostscript
ps2pdf - Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript ps2pdf12 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf13 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf14 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.4 (Acrobat 5-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript
ps2pdfwr - převádí PostScript na PDF bez specifikace CompatibilityLe vel, pomocí programu ghostscript
ps2pdfwr - Convert PostScript to PDF without specifying Compatibil ityLevel, using ghostscript
ps2pdf - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF mittels ghostscript ps2pdf12 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.2 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 3 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf13 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.3 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 4 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf14 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.4 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 5 und später) mittels ghostscript
ps2pdf - Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript ps2pdf12 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf13 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf14 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.4 (Acrobat 5-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript
ps2pdf - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF mittels ghostscript ps2pdf12 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.2 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 3 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf13 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.3 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 4 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf14 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.4 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 5 und später) mittels ghostscript
ps2pdf - Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript ps2pdf12 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf13 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf14 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.4 (Acrobat 5-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript
ps2pdf - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF mittels ghostscript ps2pdf12 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.2 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 3 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf13 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.3 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 4 und später) mittels ghostscript ps2pdf14 - konvertiert PostScript nach PDF 1.4 (kompatibel zu Acrobat 5 und später) mittels ghostscript
ps2pdf - Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript ps2pdf12 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf13 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript ps2pdf14 - Convert PostScript to PDF 1.4 (Acrobat 5-and-later compati ble) using ghostscript
ps2pk - creates a TeX pkfont from a type1 PostScript font
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "Distiller"
ps2ps, eps2eps - Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
ps4pdf - a shell script for creating .pdf from .tex
ptardiff - program that diffs an extracted archive against an unextracted one
ptar - a tar-like program written in perl
ptargrep - Apply pattern matching to the contents of files in a tar archive
PTBatcher - CLI interface to Hugin Batch processor
PTBatcherGUI - Hugin batch processor
PTblender - Colour and brightness correction of panoramas
PTcrop - Crop TIFF images
PTinfo - Display information about a panotools-generated image
PTmasker - Compute stitching masks
PTmender - Replacement for PTStitcher
pto_merge - Merges two or more Hugin project files
PToptimizer - Wrapper around control point optimization routines
pto2mk - Generate hugin stitching Makefiles
PTroller - Merge several images into a single one
PTtiffdump - Compare two TIFF images
PTtiff2psd - Convert a set of TIFF files into a Photoshop PSD file
PTuncrop - Uncrop TIFF images
ptx - produce a permuted index of file contents
pulseaudio - The PulseAudio Sound System
purple-remote - Send remote commands to Pidgin/Finch
pvanal - Converts a soundfile into a series of short-time Fourier transform frames. .
pv_export - Converts a .pvx file to a comma separated text file. .
pv_import - Converts a comma-separated text file to a .pvx file. .
pvlook - View formatted text output of STFT analysis files. .
pwck - verify integrity of password files
pwck - Vérifier l'intégrité des fichiers de mots de passe
pwck - パスワードファイルが正しいかどうか検査する
pwck - verify integrity of password files
pwck - проверяет целостность файлов паролей
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - Convertir vers ou depuis les fichiers de mots de passe ou de groupe cachés
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - パスワード・グループの shadow 化 と、通常ファイルへの逆変換
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - преобразует пароли пользователей и групп в/из защищённую форму
pwd - vypíše jméno aktuálního (pracovního) adresáře
pwd - print name of current/working directory
pwdx - zjišťuje aktuální pracovní adresář procesu
pwdx - report current working directory of a process
pwgen - generate pronounceable passwords
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - Convertir vers ou depuis les fichiers de mots de passe ou de groupe cachés
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - パスワード・グループの shadow 化 と、通常ファイルへの逆変換
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - convert to and from shadow passwords and groups
pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - преобразует пароли пользователей и групп в/из защищённую форму
pxelinux-options - utility to set PXELINUX hard-coded options.
pycentral - register and build utility for Python packages
pyclean - removes .pyc and .pyo files
pycompile - byte compile Python source files
py_compilefiles - byte-compile python .py files
pydoc2.7 - the Python documentation tool
pydoc2.7 - the Python documentation tool
pydoc3.2 - the Python documentation tool
pygettext - Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pygettext - Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pygettext - Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pyhtmlizer - pretty-print Python source as HTML
python - an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming lan guage
python - an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming lan guage
python - an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming lan guage
python - an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming lan guage
python - an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming lan guage
pyversions - print python version information
qcatool - command line tool for the Qt Cryptographic Architecture
qdbus - a communication-interface for qt-based applications
qemu-img - QEMU disk image utility
qemu-kvm - QEMU User Emulator
qemu-nbd - QEMU Disk Network Block Device Server
qemu-doc - QEMU Emulator User Documentation
qemu-doc - QEMU Emulator User Documentation
qemu-kvm - QEMU User Emulator
qmqp-sink - multi-threaded QMQP test server
qmqp-source - multi-threaded QMQP test generator
qpdldecode - Decode a QPDL stream into human readable form.
qrttoppm - convert output from the QRT ray tracer into a portable pixmap
qshape - Print Postfix queue domain and age distribution
quickplot — fast interactive 2D plotter and data viewer
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
radeontool — utility to get/set registers and to control backlight on radeon based laptops
ranlib - generate index to archive.
rarp - Manipulation des RARP-Caches
rarp - manipulate the system RARP table
rarp - manipule la table système RARP
rasttopnm - convert a Sun rasterfile into a portable anymap
raw - bind a Linux raw character device
rawshark - Dump and analyze raw libpcap data
rawtopgm - convert raw grayscale bytes into a portable graymap
rawtoppm - convert raw RGB bytes into a portable pixmap
rbash - restricted bash, see bash(1)
scp — secure copy (remote file copy program)
rcs-checkin - check files into RCS
rcs-checkin - accepts any number of file arguments and checks them into RCS
rcs-checkin - accepts any number of file arguments and checks them into RCS
rctest - RFCOMM testing
rdesktop - Remote Desktop Protocol client
rdiffdir - compute and apply signatures and diffs to directories
rdjpgcom - display text comments from a JPEG file
rdmsr - tool for reading CPU machine specific registers (MSR)
readelf - Displays information about ELF files.
read - read from a file descriptor
readlink - print value of a symbolic link or canonical file name
readmult - a multitrack wrapper for cdda2wav
readom - read or write data Compact Discs
readprofile - read kernel profiling information
rearj - Converts other archive formats to .arj files
reboot, halt, poweroff - reboot or stop the system
SoX - Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipulation
recode-sr-latin - convert Serbian text from Cyrillic to Latin script
recordMyDesktop - record desktop sessions to an Ogg-Theora-Vorbis file.
ed, red - text editor
refer - preprocess bibliographic references for groff
regdbdump - parse and print out regulatory rules file
initctl - init daemon control tool
remmina - remote desktop client for GNOME desktop environment
remove-default-ispell - remove default ispell dictionary
remove-default-wordlist - remove default wordlist
remove-shell - entfernt Shells aus der Liste der gültigen Anmelde-Shells
remove-shell - remove shells from the list of valid login shells
remove-shell - Elimina consolas de la lista de consolas de sesión aceptadas
remove-shell - supprime des interpréteurs de la liste des interpréteurs initiaux valables
(1) Perl Programmers Reference Guide RENAME(1)
(1) User Commands RENAME(1)
renice — alter priority of running processes
request-key - Handle key instantiation callback requests from the ker nel
tset, reset - terminal initialization
resizecons - change kernel idea of the console size
resize - set TERMCAP and terminal settings to current xterm window size
resize2fs - ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
resolvconf - manage nameserver information
initctl - init daemon control tool
rev — reverse lines of a file or files
rfcomm - RFCOMM configuration utility
rfkill - tool for enabling and disabling wireless devices
rgb3toppm - combine three portable graymaps into one portable pixmap
grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep - print lines matching a pattern
rhythmbox-client - controls a running instance of rhythmbox
rhythmbox - music player and library for tagged files using GStreamer
rletopnm - convert a Utah Raster Tools RLE image file into a PNM image file.
ssh — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
rmail - handle remote mail received via uucp
rm - maže soubory nebo adresáře
rmdir - odstraní prázdné adresáře
rmdir - remove empty directories
rm - remove files or directories
rmmod — simple program to remove a module from the Linux Kernel
rmt — remote magtape protocol module
rmt — remote magtape protocol module
rnano - Restricted mode for Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
roff2dvi - transform roff code into dvi mode
roff2html - transform roff code into html mode
roff2pdf - transform roff code into pdf mode
roff2ps - transform roff code into ps mode
roff2text - transform roff code into text mode
roff2x - transform roff code into x mode
route - Anzeigen der IP-Routen-Tabelle
route - show / manipulate the IP routing table
routel - list routes with pretty output format routef - flush routes
route - affiche / manipule la table de routage IP
routel - list routes with pretty output format routef - flush routes
rpcclient - tool for executing client side MS-RPC functions
rpcgen - an RPC protocol compiler
rpdump - alpine remote data utility
rpload - alpine remote data utility
rpl8 - Firmware loader for DVD drives
ssh — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
rstartd - a sample implementation of a Remote Start rsh helper
rstart - a sample implementation of a Remote Start client
rsync - a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
rsyslogd - reliable and extended syslogd
nstat, rtacct - network statistics tools.
rtcwake - enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time
rtkitctl - Realtime Policy and Watchdog daemon control
rtmon - listens to and monitors RTnetlink
rtmpdump - RTMP streaming media client
rtmpgw - RTMP streaming media gateway
lnstat - unified linux network statistics
rubberband — an audio time-stretching and pitch-shifting utility pro gram
rubibtex - make a bibliography for (La)TeX using Russian letters as item names
rumakeindex - process a LaTeX index using Russian Cyrillic characters
runcon - run command with specified security context
runlevel - output previous and current runlevel
run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print - execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
run-parts - Skripte oder Programme in einem Verzeichnis ausführen
run-parts - run scripts or programs in a directory
run-parts - Ejecuta scripts o programas en un directorio
run-parts - exécute les scripts ou les exécutables d'un répertoire
run-with-aspell - script to help use GNU Aspell as an ispell replace ment
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
(8) RVNAMED(8)
safe_finger - finger client wrapper that protects against nasty stuff from finger servers
saned - SANE síťový démon
saned - SANE network daemon
sane-find-scanner - find SCSI and USB scanners and their device files
savelog - eine Protokolldatei speichern
savelog - save a log file
savelog - Guarda un archivo de registro de eventos
savelog - sauvegarde un fichier journal
sbigtopgm - convert an SBIG CCDOPS file into a portable graymap
scale - Scale the amplitude of a sound file. .
scanimage - scan an image
sccmap - extract strongly connected components of directed graphs
scp — - secure copy -- kopíruje soubory mezi počítači za použití šifro vané komunikace
scp — secure copy (remote file copy program)
screendump - dump the contents of a virtual console to stdout
screen - screen manager with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
script — make typescript of terminal session
scriptreplay - play back typescripts, using timing information
scrobbler-helper - submit a track to AudioScrobbler
scrot - capture a screenshot using imlib2
sdiff - side-by-side merge of file differences
sdif2ad - Converts SDIF files to files usable by adsyn. .
sdptool — control and interrogate SDP servers
seahorse - Encryption Key Manager
sed - stream editor for filtering and transforming text
run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print - execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
select-default-ispell - select default ispell dictionary
select-default-iwrap - Selects the user default ispell dictionary for use with ispell-wrapper
select-default-wordlist - select default wordlist
select-editor - select your default sensible-editor from all installed editors
select, pselect, FD_CLR, FD_ISSET, FD_SET, FD_ZERO - synchronous I/O multiplexing
sendmail - Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - Facilita editar y leer ficheros asà como explorar la red con la herramienta adecuada
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - outils pratiques d'édition, de mise en page et de navigation sur le web
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - rozsądne edytowanie, przeglądanie plików i zasobów sieciowych
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - Facilita editar y leer ficheros asà como explorar la red con la herramienta adecuada
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - outils pratiques d'édition, de mise en page et de navigation sur le web
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - rozsądne edytowanie, przeglądanie plików i zasobów sieciowych
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - Facilita editar y leer ficheros asà como explorar la red con la herramienta adecuada
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - outils pratiques d'édition, de mise en page et de navigation sur le web
sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser - rozsądne edytowanie, przeglądanie plików i zasobów sieciowych
sensors-conf-convert - convert sensors.conf from lm-sensors 2 format to lm-sensors 3 format
sensors-detect - detect hardware monitoring chips
sensors - print sensors information
seq - print a sequence of numbers
service - run a System V init script
session-installer - allows applications to easily install and remove software
sessreg - manage utmp/wtmp entries for non-init clients
setarch - change reported architecture in new program environment and set personality flags
setcap - set file capabilities
setcifsacl - Userspace helper to alter an ACL in a security descriptor for Common Internet File System (CIFS)
setfacl - set file access control lists
setfont - load EGA/VGA console screen font
setkeycodes - load kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table entries
setleds - set the keyboard leds
setlogcons - Send kernel messages to console N
setmetamode - define the keyboard meta key handling
setpci - configure PCI devices
setsid - run a program in a new session
setterm - set terminal attributes
setupcon - sets up the font and the keyboard on Linux console
setvesablank - Turn VESA screen blanking on or off
setvtrgb - set the virtual terminal RGB colors
setxkbmap - set the keyboard using the X Keyboard Extension
sfdisk - partition table manipulator for Linux
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
sftp — secure file transfer program
sg - execute command as different group ID
sg - exécuter une commande avec un autre identifiant de groupe
sgitopnm - convert a SGI image file to a portable anymap
newgrp - 新しいグループにログインする sg - 別のグループ ID でコマンドを実行する
sg - execute command as different group ID
sg - выполняет команду с правами другой группы
shadowconfig - toggle shadow passwords on and off
shadowconfig - active ou désactive les mots de passe cachés
shadowconfig - shadow パスワードの設定をオン及びオフに切替える
shadowconfig - przełącza ochronę haseł i grup przez pliki shadow
shasum - Print or Check SHA Checksums
sha1pass - Create a SHA1 password hash
sha1sum - compute and check SHA1 message digest
sha224sum - compute and check SHA224 message digest
sha256sum - compute and check SHA256 message digest
sha384sum - compute and check SHA384 message digest
sha512sum - compute and check SHA512 message digest
dash — command interpreter (shell)
dash — command interpreter (shell)
shotwell - a digital photo organizer
shotwell-video-thumbnailer - writes video thumbnail to stdout
showconsolefont - Show the current EGA/VGA console screen font
showfont - font dumper for X font server
showglyphs - create a pdf file that shows all glyphs in a font
showchar - show character with information
showkey - examine the codes sent by the keyboard
showrgb - display an rgb color-name database
shred - overwrite a file to hide its contents, and optionally delete it
shuf - generate random permutations
shutdown - bring the system down
sigtool - signature and database management tool
simpdftex - create pdf files via latex-dvips-gs instead of pdflatex
simple-scan - Scanning utility
sirtopnm - convert a Solitaire file into a portable anymap
size - list section sizes and total size.
objdump86, size86, nm86 - Examine object, archive or executable files
skill, snice - posílá signál, nebo mění prioritu procesu
skill, snice - send a signal or report process status
skymon - "moncmd" interface to a SkyTel 2-way pager
slabtop - zobrazuje informace o vyrovnávací paměti jádra v reálném čase
slabtop - display kernel slab cache information in real time
slattach - Anbindung einer Netzwerksschnittstelle an eine serielle Ver bindung
slattach - attach a network interface to a serial line
slattach - attache une interface réseau à une ligne série
sldtoppm - convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap
sleep - čeká zadaný časový interval
sleep - delay for a specified amount of time
ssh — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
slxdecode - Decode a SLX stream into human readable form.
smartctl - Control and Monitor Utility for SMART Disks
smartd - SMART Disk Monitoring Daemon
smbcacls - Set or get ACLs on an NT file or directory names
smbc - Text mode SMB network commander.
smbclient - ftp-like client to access SMB/CIFS resources on servers
smbcontrol - send messages to smbd, nmbd or winbindd processes
smbcquotas - Set or get QUOTAs of NTFS 5 shares
smbd - server to provide SMB/CIFS services to clients
smbget - wget-like utility for download files over SMB
mount.cifs - mount using the Common Internet File System (CIFS)
smbpasswd - change a user´s SMB password
smbspool - send a print file to an SMB printer
smbstatus - report on current Samba connections
smbstatus - report on current Samba connections
smbtar - shell script for backing up SMB/CIFS shares directly to UNIX tape drives
smbtree - A text based smb network browser
smicache - caching method for use with libsmi
smidiff - check differences between a pair of SMI or SPPI modules
smidump - dump SMI or SPPI modules in various formats
smilint - syntax and semantic checks of SMIv1/v2 and SPPI modules
smime_keys - Utility to add S/MIME certificate to the internal database used by mutt
smiquery - query single information from SMI MIB modules
smixlate - translate SMI/SPPI identifiers
SMPlayer - The best GUI frontend for MPlayer
smproxy - Session Manager Proxy
smtp-sink - multi-threaded SMTP/LMTP test server
smtp-source - multi-threaded SMTP/LMTP test generator
sndinfo - Displays information about a soundfile. .
skill, snice - posílá signál, nebo mění prioritu procesu
skill, snice - send a signal or report process status
Snort - open source network intrusion detection system
snort-stat — generates statistic of scans detected by snort
soelim - interpret .so requests in groff input
software-center - manage software
software-properties-gtk - Software Sources List editor
sort - sort lines of text files
(1) GNOME User's Manual SOUNDCONVERTER(1)
SoX - Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipulation
SoXI - Sound eXchange Information, display sound file metadata
spctoppm - convert an Atari compressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap
spd-conf - A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
spd-say - send text-to-speech output request to speech-dispatcher
speaker-test - command-line speaker test tone generator for ALSA
speech-dispatcher - server process managing speech requests in Speech Dispatcher
diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics
split - split a file into pieces
splitfont - extract characters from an ISO-type font.
splitindex - manual page for splitindex 0.2a
sprof - Read and display shared object profiling data
spumux - generates and multiplexes subtitles into an existing mpeg2 program stream
sputoppm - convert an Atari uncompressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap
spuunmux — demultiplexes subtitles from an existing mpeg2 program stream
squid - proxy caching server
srconv - Converts the sample rate of an audio file. .
ss - another utility to investigate sockets
ssh-add - přidá identifikační klíč (identitu) do autentizačního agenta
ssh-add — adds private key identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent - autentizační agent
ssh-agent — authentication agent
ssh-argv0 — replaces the old ssh command-name as hostname handling
-SSH-ASKPASS(1) GNOME-SSH-ASKPASS(1)
ssh-copy-id - install your public key in a remote machine's autho rized_keys
ssh - secure shell klient (program pro remote login)
sshd - secure shell démon
sshd — OpenSSH SSH daemon
ssh — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-import-id - retrieve one or more public keys from a public key server (Launchpad.net by default) and append them to the current user's authorized_keys file (or some other specified file)
ssh-keygen - generátor páru autentizačních klíčů
ssh-keygen — authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan — gather ssh public keys
ssh-vulnkey — check blacklist of compromised keys
initctl - init daemon control tool
startpar - start runlevel scripts in parallel
start-pulseaudio-kde - PulseAudio Sound Server KDE Startup Script
start-pulseaudio-x11 - PulseAudio Sound Server X11 Startup Script
start-stop-daemon - startet und stoppt System-Daemon-Programme
start-stop-daemon - start and stop system daemon programs
startx - initialize an X session
stat - display file or file system status
initctl - init daemon control tool
stdbuf - Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its stan dard streams.
stk-demo - Sound Synthesis Toolkit demo application
stk-demo - Sound Synthesis Toolkit demo application
initctl - init daemon control tool
strace - trace system calls and signals
stream - a lightweight tool to stream one or more pixel components of the image or portion of the image to your choice of storage formats.
streamripper - rip shoutcast radio streams to mp3 files
strings - print the strings of printable characters in files.
strip - Discard symbols from object files.
stty - mění a vypisuje nastavení terminálové linky
stty - change and print terminal line settings
st4topgm - convert an SBIG ST4 format file into a portable graymap
su - spustí shell pod jiným uživatelským a skupinovým ID
su - ändert die Benutzer-ID oder wechselt zu Root
sudo, sudoedit - execute a command as another user
sudo, sudoedit - execute a command as another user
sudoreplay - replay sudo session logs
su - change user ID or become superuser
su - Changer d'identifiant d'utilisateur ou devenir superutilisateur
su - ユーザIDを変更する。またはスーパーユーザになる
su - 사용자와 그룹 ID 를 교체하여 쉘을 실행한다
sulogin - Single-user login
sum - checksum and count the blocks in a file
su - изменяет ID пользователя или делает его суперпользователем
su-to-root - A simple script to give an `interactive' front-end to su. It can be used in menu entry commands to ask for the root password
su-to-root - un simple script qui est une interface interactive à su. Il peut être utilisé dans les commandes des entrées de menu pour deman der le mot de passe du super-utilisateur.
(名 su - 运行替换用户和组标识的shell
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
swaplabel - print or change the label or UUID of a swap area
swapon, swapoff - enable/disable devices and files for paging and swap ping
swapon, swapoff - enable/disable devices and files for paging and swap ping
swfmill - XML-based SWF (Shockwave Flash) processing tool
switch_root - switch to another filesystem as the root of the mount tree
symcryptrun - Call a simple symmetric encryption tool
sync - vyprázdní buffery souborového systému
sync - flush file system buffers
synclient - commandline utility to query and modify Synaptics driver options.
synctex — command line client tool to support the Synchronize TeXnology available in recent TeX engines.
syndaemon - a program that monitors keyboard activity and disables the touchpad when the keyboard is being used.
sysctl - configure kernel parameters at runtime
syslinux - install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
syslinux - install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
syslinux2ansi - converts a syslinux-format screen to pc-ansi
system-config-printer-applet - print job manager
system-config-printer - configure a CUPS server
system-config-samba - GUI for managing Samba shares and users
psed - a stream editor
tabs - set tabs on a terminal
tac - concatenate and print files in reverse
tail - output the last part of files
tailf - follow the growth of a log file
tangle - translate WEB to Pascal
tapconvert - convert Twisted configurations from one format to another
tap2deb - create Debian packages which wrap .tap files
tap2rpm - create RPM packages which wrap .tap files
tar — The GNU version of the tar archiving utility
taskset - retrieve or set a process's CPU affinity
tbl - format tables for troff
tca_correct - Calculate transverse chromatic aberration
tccat - concatenate multimedia streams from medium and print on the standard output
tcdecode - read multimedia streams from medium, decode to raw format and print to standard output
tcdemux - demultiplex a program stream
dialog - display dialog boxes from shell scripts
tc - show / manipulate traffic control settings
tcextract - read multimedia file from medium, extract or demultiplex requested stream and print to standard output
tclsh - Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter
tclsh - Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter
tcmodinfo - Get and Set information in transcode modules
tcpd - access control facility for internet services
tcpdchk - tcp wrapper configuration checker
tcpdmatch - tcp wrapper oracle
tcpdump - dump traffic on a network
tcprobe - probe multimedia streams from medium and print information on the standard output
tcscan - scan multimedia streams from medium and print information on the standard output
tcxmlcheck - Check information in smil input file
tdbbackup - tool for backing up and for validating the integrity of samba .tdb files
tdbbackup - tool for backing up and for validating the integrity of samba .tdb files
tdbdump - tool for printing the contents of a TDB file
tdbrestore - tool for creating a TDB file out of a tdbdump output
tdbtool - manipulate the contents TDB files
tee - čte standardní vstup a zapisuje na standardní výstup a do souborů
tee - read from standard input and write to standard output and files
telinit - change system runlevel
telnet — user interface to the TELNET protocol
telnet — user interface to the TELNET protocol
tempfile - eine temporäre Datei in einer sicheren Art und Weise erstel len
tempfile - create a temporary file in a safe manner
tempfile - Crea un fichero temporal de forma segura
tempfile - crée un fichier temporaire de façon sûre
Terminator - Multiple GNOME terminals in one window
test - testuje soubory a porovnává hodnoty
testdisk - Scan and repair disk partitions
test - check file types and compare values
testparm - check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness
testparm - check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness
texconfig-dialog - helper program for texconfig and texconfig-sys
texconfig - configures teTeX or TeX Live
texconfig - configures teTeX or TeX Live
texdiff - Compares two (La)TeX documents to create a merged version showing changes, similar to that of 'Change Tracking' in some word pro cessors.
texdirflatten - Collects all components of a (La)TeX file in a single output directory -- i.e., flattens its hierarchy.
texdoc - find & view documentation in TeX Live
texdoctk - GUI for easier access of TeX package and program documenta tions
tex, virtex, initex - text formatting and typesetting
mktexlsr - create ls-R databases
texlinks - maintain symbolic links from format to engine
luatex, texlua, texluac - An extended version of pdfTeX using Lua as an embedded scripting language
luatex, texlua, texluac - An extended version of pdfTeX using Lua as an embedded scripting language
text2pcap - Generate a capture file from an ASCII hexdump of packets
text2wave - convert text to .wav files
tfmtodit - create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftopl - convert TeX font metric (tfm) files to property lists
tgatoppm - convert TrueVision Targa file into a portable pixmap
tgz - makes a gzip'd tar archive
thinkjettopbm - convert HP ThinkJet printer commands file to PBM
thumbpdf - generate thumbnail images for a PDF file created with pdftex
thunderbird — thunderbird - Mail User Agent (MUA) and newsgroup/RSS client for X11 derived from the Mozilla suite.
tic - the terminfo entry-description compiler
tie - merge or apply WEB change files
tifftopnm - convert a TIFF file into a portable anymap
time - změří čas vykonání příkazu nebo vypíše využití zdrojů
time - run programs and summarize system resource usage
timeout - run a command with a time limit
times - get process times
tload - grafické znázornění vytížení systému
tload - graphic representation of system load average
toc2cddb - translates a TOC file of cdrdao(1) into a cddb file and prints it to stdout
toc2cue - converts a TOC files of cdrdao(1) into a .cue file
toe - table of (terminfo) entries
top - Sledování procesu na CPU
top - display Linux tasks
toshsat1800-irdasetup - IrDA setup utility for Toshiba Satellite 1800
toshset - manipulate bios and hardware settings of Toshiba laptops
Totem - GNOME desktop movie player based on GStreamer
totem-video-thumbnailer - video thumbnailer for the GNOME desktop
touch - mění časové údaje souborů
touch - change file timestamps
tpic2pdftex - convert tpic \specials for use by pdftex
tput, reset - initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
tracepath, tracepath6 - traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this path
tracepath, tracepath6 - traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this path
traceroute6 - traces path to a network host
traceroute6 - traces path to a network host
transcode - LINUX video stream processing tool
transfig - creates a makefile for portable LaTeX figures
transmission-gtk — a bittorrent client
tred - transitive reduction filter for directed graphs
tr - translate or delete characters
trial - run unit tests
troff - the troff processor of the groff text formatting system
true - nedělá nic, úspěšně
true - do nothing, successfully
truncate - shrink or extend the size of a file to the specified size
try-from - test program for the tcp_wrapper
tset, reset - terminal initialization
tsort - perform topological sort
ttfdump - Dumping the contents of a TrueType Font file
ttf2afm - utility to generate AFM files for TrueType fonts
ttf2pk - convert a TrueType font into TeX's PK format
ttf2tfm - build TeX metric files from a TrueType font
tty - vypíše jméno speciálního souboru terminálu připojeného na stan dardní vstup
tty - print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input
tuned-audio-waveform - Draw a waveform image of an audio data.
tunelp - set various parameters for the lp device
tune2fs - adjust tunable filesystem parameters on ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystems
twistd - run Twisted applications (TACs, TAPs)
twolame - an optimised MPEG Audio Layer 2 (MP2) encoder
dot - filter for drawing directed graphs neato - filter for drawing undirected graphs twopi - filter for radial layouts of graphs circo - filter for circular layout of graphs fdp - filter for drawing undirected graphs sfdp - filter for drawing large undirected graphs
tzselect - view timezones
apport-bug, apport-collect - file a bug report using Apport, or update an existing report
ucf - Update Configuration File: preserve user changes in configura tion files
ucfq - query the ucf database
ucfr - Update Configuration File Registry: associate packages with configuration files
ucs2any - generate BDF fonts containing subsets of ISO 10646-1 code points
udevadm - udev management tool
udevd - event managing daemon
udisks - udisks command line tool
udisks-tcp-bridge - udisks TCP/IP bridge
ufw - program for managing a netfilter firewall
ul — do underlining
ulimit - get and set user limits
ulockmgr_server - Lock Manager Server for FUSE filesystems
umask - set file mode creation mask
umount - unmount file systems
unace - extract, test and view ACE archives
(1) Uživatelské příkazy UNAME(1)
(1) User Commands UNAME(1)
unattended-upgrade - automatic installation of security (and other) upgrades
gzip, gunzip, zcat - compress or expand files
unexpand - convert spaces to tabs
unflatten - adjust directed graphs to improve layout aspect ratio
unicode_start - put keyboard and console in unicode mode
unicode_stop - revert keyboard and console from unicode mode
uniq - report or omit repeated lines
unity - wrapper for starting the unity shell and handling fallback
unity-2d-panel - Unity 2D Panel
unity-2d-shell - Unity 2D Shell
unity-2d-spread - Unity 2D Spread
unix_chkpwd - Helper binary that verifies the password of the current user
unix_update - Helper binary that updates the password of a given user
unlink - zavolá funkci unlink, aby odstranil určený soubor
unlink - call the unlink function to remove the specified file
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
unrar - extract files from rar archives
unrar - extract files from rar archives
unshare - run program with some namespaces unshared from parent
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
unzip - list, test and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive
unzipsfx - self-extracting stub for prepending to ZIP archives
update-alternatives - Verwaltung symbolischer Links zur Bestimmung von Standardwerten für Befehle
update-alternatives - maintain symbolic links determining default com mands
update-alternatives - Gestión de enlaces simbólicos que determinan órdenes predefinidas
update-alternatives - maintenance des liens symboliques déterminant les noms par défaut de certaines commandes
update-alternatives - zarządzanie dowiązaniami symbolicznymi określającymi domyślne polecenia
update-apt-xapian-index - rebuild the Apt Xapian Index
update-ca-certificates - update /etc/ssl/certs and certificates.crt
update-catalog - create or update entry in SGML catalog file
updatedb - update a database for mlocate
update-dictcommon-aspell - rebuild aspell database and emacsen stuff
update-default-ispell - update default ispell dictionary
update-default-wordlist - update default wordlist
update-desktop-database - Build cache database of MIME types handled by desktop files
update-dictcommon-aspell - rebuild aspell database and emacsen stuff
update-dictcommon-hunspell - rebuild hunspell database and emacsen stuff
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-fonts-alias - compile fonts.alias files
update-fonts-dir - compile fonts.dir files
update-fonts-scale - generate fonts.scale files
update-gconf-defaults - generate GConf defaults shipped in Debian pack ages
update-grub, update-grub2 - stub for grub-mkconfig
update-grub-gfxpayload — update /boot/grub/gfxblacklist.txt
update-grub, update-grub2 - stub for grub-mkconfig
update-icon-caches - Update wrapper script for the icon caches
update-icon-caches - Update wrapper script for the icon caches
update-inetd - create, remove, enable or disable entry in /etc/inetd.conf
update-info-dir - update or create index file from all installed info files in directory
update-initramfs - generate an initramfs image
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-manager - graphical management of software packages updates
update-menus - generate Debian menu system
update-menus - génère les menus d'un système Debian
update-mime-database - a program to build the Shared MIME-Info database cache
update-mime - create or update MIME information
update-passwd - /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow und /etc/group sicher aktuali sieren
update-passwd - safely update /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow and /etc/group
update-passwd - Actualiza /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow y /etc/group de forma segura
update-passwd - met à jour /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow et /etc/group de façon sécurisée
update-passwd - /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/group の安全な更新
update-passwd - bezpiecznie aktualizuj /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow i /etc/group
update-passwd - безопасное обновление файлов /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow и /etc/group
update-pciids - download new version of the PCI ID list
update-python-modules - byte-compile python modules
update-rc.d - install and remove System-V style init script links
update-rc.d-insserv - obsolete
update-software-center - Update the database for software-center
update-texmf-config - script used in maintainer scripts to trigger tex- common actions
update-texmf - shell script to generate /etc/texmf/texmf.cnf
update-updmap, update-language, update-fmtutil, update-fontlang - update various TeX-related configuration files
update-usbids - download new version of the USB ID list
update-xmlcatalog - maintain XML catalog files
updmap - Update font map files for TeX output drivers.
updmap - Update font map files for TeX output drivers.
upower - UPower command line tool
upstart-socket-bridge - Bridge between Upstart and sockets
upstart-udev-bridge - Bridge between Upstart and udev
uptime - informuje o tom, jak dlouho běží systém
uptime - Tell how long the system has been running.
ureadahead - Read files in advance during boot
usb-creator-gtk Ubuntu startup disk creation tool for Gtk+
usb-devices - print USB device details
usb_modeswitch - switch mode of "multi-state" USB devices
usbmuxd - iPhone/iPod Touch USB multiplex server daemon
usb_printerid - prints the ID of the printer on a USB port
useradd - create a new user or update default new user information
useradd - créer un nouvel utilisateur ou modifier les informations par défaut appliquées aux nouveaux utilisateurs
useradd - Membuat user baru atau memperbarui informasi tentang user baru
useradd - 新規ユーザの作成・新規ユーザのデフォルト情報の更新
useradd - create a new user or update default new user information
useradd - регистрирует нового пользователя или изменяет информацию по умолчанию о новых пользователях
useradd - 帐 号 建 立 或 更 新 新 使 用 者 的 资 讯
userdel - delete a user account and related files
userdel - supprimer un compte utilisateur et les fichiers associés
userdel - ユーザのアカウントと関連ファイルを削除する
userdel - plik chroniony informacji o użytkownikach
userdel - удаляет учётную запись и файлы пользователя
userdel - 删 除 使 用 者 帐 号 及 相 关 档 案
usermod - modify a user account
usermod - Modifier un compte utilisateur
usermod - ユーザアカウントを修正する
usermod - zmiana danych konta użytkownika
usermod - изменяет учётную запись пользователя
usermod - 修 改 使 用 者 帐 号
users - vypíše jména na tomto stroji právě přihlášených uživatelů
users - print the user names of users currently logged in to the cur rent host
uuidd - UUID generation daemon
uuidgen - create a new UUID value
uxterm - X terminal emulator for Unicode (UTF-8) environments
uz - gunzips and extracts a gzip'd tar'd archive
u1sdtool - command line utility for controlling ubuntuone-syncdaemon
vbetool - run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state
vcdimager - manual page for vcdimager 0.7.23
vcd-info - manual page for vcd-info 0.7.23
vcdxbuild - manual page for vcdxbuild 0.7.23
vcdxgen - manual page for vcdxgen 0.7.23
vcdxminfo - manual page for vcdxminfo 0.7.23
vcdxrip - manual page for vcdxrip 0.7.23
vcstime - Show time in upper right hand corner of the console screen
vcut - cuts Ogg Vorbis files
vdir - vypíše obsah adresáře
vdir - list directory contents
vftovp - convert virtual font (vf) files to virtual property lists (vpl)
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
viewres - graphical class browser for Xt
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
vig_optimize - Optimise photometric parameters
vipw, vigr - slouží k úpravě souborů password, group, shadow-password a shadow-group.
vipw, vigr - bearbeitet die Passwort-, Gruppen-, Shadow-Passwort- oder Shadow-Gruppen-Datei
vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file
vipw, vigr - éditer les fichiers passwd, group, shadow ou gshadow
vipw, vigr - password, group とそれぞれの shadow ファイルを編集する
vipw — 패스워드 파일 편집
vipw, vigr - edytuj plik haseł, grup lub ich wersji chronionych
vipw, vigr - служат для редактирования файлов паролей, групп, теневых паролей пользователей или групп.
vimdiff - edit two, three or four versions of a file with Vim and show differences
vimdiff - ouvre deux, trois ou quatre versions d'un fichier dans Vim et affiche leurs différences
vimdiff - edytuj dwie, trzy lub cztery wersje pliku w Vimie i zobacz różnice
vimdiff - позволяет редактировать две или три версии файла с помощью Vim с отображением различий.
vimdot - Combined text editor and dot viewer
vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim - Vi IMproved, éditeur de texte pour programmeurs
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
vimtutor - the Vim tutor
vimtutor - tutoriel Vim
vimtutor - nauczyciel Vima
vimtutor - учебник по Vim
vim - Vi rozbudowany, edytor tekstu dla programisty
vipw, vigr - slouží k úpravě souborů password, group, shadow-password a shadow-group.
vipw, vigr - bearbeitet die Passwort-, Gruppen-, Shadow-Passwort- oder Shadow-Gruppen-Datei
vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file
vipw, vigr - éditer les fichiers passwd, group, shadow ou gshadow
vipw, vigr - password, group とそれぞれの shadow ファイルを編集する
vipw — 패스워드 파일 편집
vipw, vigr - edytuj plik haseł, grup lub ich wersji chronionych
vipw, vigr - служат для редактирования файлов паролей, групп, теневых паролей пользователей или групп.
virt_mail - OpenLink Virtuoso Opensource Mail Interface
virtuoso-t - OpenLink Virtuoso Opensource Server
vim - Vi IMproved (Улучшенный Vi), текстовый редактор для программистов
visudo - edit the sudoers file
vlc, qvlc, svlc, nvlc, rvlc, cvlc - the VLC media player
vlc-wrapper - a wrapper to drop priviledges with VLC
 
vmmouse_detect - VMware mouse device autodetection tool
vmstat - Report virtual memory statistics
vnStatd - the alternative for cron based updating
vnStat - a console-based network traffic monitor
(1) User Commands VOLNAME(1)
vorbiscomment - List or edit comments in Ogg Vorbis files
vorbistagedit - allows batch editing of vorbis comments with an editor
vpddecode - VPD structure decoder
vptovf - convert virtual property lists to virtual font metrics
vstpg, vstpp - VisioBraille file transferring
wait, waitpid, waitid - wait for process to change state
wall — write a message to users
watch - opakovaně spouští program a ukazuje jeho výstup maximalizovaně
watch - execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
watchgnupg - Read and print logs from a socket
wbmptopbm - convert a wireless bitmap (wbmp) file to a portable bitmap (pbm)
wc - print newline, word, and byte counts for each file
w - Zobrazí, kdo je přihlášený k systému a co dělá.
w - Zeigt an, wer am System angemeldet ist und was sie/er gerade tut.
weave - translate WEB to TeX
w - Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
wftopfa - převod fontu formátu Wadalab base font(.WFT) na formát Post script .PFA (nebo .PFB) pomocí programu ghostscript
wftopfa - konvertiert eine Wadalab basierte Schrift ins Postscript .PFA- (oder .PFB-)Format mittels Ghostscript.
wftopfa - Convert a Wadalab base font to Postscript .PFA (or .PFB) for mat using ghostscript
wget - neinteraktivní nástroj k stahování souborů
Wget - The non-interactive network downloader.
whatis - durchsucht die Indexdatenbank nach Kurzbeschreibungen
whatis - display manual page descriptions
whatis - imprime descripciones de páginas de manual
whatis - Afficher la description des pages de manuel
whatis - menampilkan deskripsi halaman buku panduan
whatis - マニュアルページの要約文を表示する
whatis - wyświetla opisy stron podręcznika systemowego
whatis - показывает описания справочных страниц
whereis - locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a com mand
which - finde einen Befehl
which - locate a command
which - Busca una orden
which - localise une commande
whiptail - display dialog boxes from shell scripts
whoami - vypíše efektivní userid
whoami - print effective userid
who - vypíše, kdo je přihlášen
who - show who is logged on
whois - client for the whois directory service
WiFi Radar - utility for managing WiFi profiles
winff - video and audio batch converter using ffmpeg
winicontoppm - convert a Windows .ico file into 1 or more portable pixmap files
wipefs - wipe a filesystem signature from a device
wireshark - Interactively dump and analyze network traffic
wish - Simple windowing shell
wish - Simple windowing shell
wodim - write data to optical disk media
word-list-compress - word list compressor/decompressor for GNU Aspell
wpa_action - wpa_cli action script
wpa_cli - WPA command line client
wpa_passphrase - Generate a WPA PSK from an ASCII passphrase for a SSID
wpa_supplicant - Wi-Fi Protected Access client and IEEE 802.1X suppli cant
w - Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
wrestool - extract resources from Microsoft Windows(R) binaries
write - pošle zprávu jinému uživateli
write — send a message to another user
wrjpgcom - insert text comments into a JPEG file
wrmsr - tool for writing CPU machine specific registers (MSR)
lynx - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World Wide Web
xargs - build and execute command lines from standard input
xauth - X authority file utility
xbiff - mailbox flag for X
xbmtopbm - convert an X11 or X10 bitmap into a portable bitmap
xcalc - scientific calculator for X
xclipboard - X clipboard client
xclock - analog / digital clock for X
xcmsdb - Device Color Characterization utility for X Color Management System
xconsole - monitor system console messages with X
xcursorgen - create an X cursor file from a collection of PNG images
xcutsel - interchange between cut buffer and selection
xdg-desktop-icon - command line tool for (un)installing icons to the desktop
xdg-desktop-menu - command line tool for (un)installing desktop menu items
xdg-email - command line tool for sending mail using the user's preferred e-mail composer
xdg-icon-resource - command line tool for (un)installing icon resources
xdg-mime - command line tool for querying information about file type handling and adding descriptions for new file types
xdg-open - opens a file or URL in the user's preferred application
xdg-screensaver - command line tool for controlling the screensaver
xdg-settings - get various settings from the desktop environment
xditview - display ditroff output
xdpyinfo - display information utility for X
xdriinfo - query configuration information of DRI drivers
xdvi - DVI Previewer for the X Window System
xedit - simple text editor for X
xemacs - Emacs: The Next Generation
xemacs - Emacs: The Next Generation
X - a portable, network-transparent window system
xev - print contents of X events
xeyes - a follow the mouse X demo
xfd - display all the characters in an X font
xfontsel - point and click selection of X11 font names
xfsinfo - X font server information utility
xgamma - Alter a monitor's gamma correction through the X server
xgc - X graphics demo
xgettext - extract gettext strings from source
xhost - server access control program for X
ximtoppm - convert an Xim file into a portable pixmap
xine - Ein freier Video-Player
xine - a free video player
xine - un reproductor libre de vídeo
xine - Lecteur audio/vidéo libre.
xine-list-1.1 - get supported filetype information from xine-lib
xine - wolny odtwarzacz wideo
xine-remote - Ein kleines Programm um xine fernzusteuern.
xine-remote - a small tool to connect xine remote control server.
xine-remote - una pequeña herramienta para conectar el servidor de control remoto de xine.
xine-remote - małe narzędzie do łączenia się z serwerem zdalnej kontroli xine.
xinit - X Window System initializer
xinput - utility to configure and test X input devices
xkbbell - XKB extension user utility
xkbcomp - compile XKB keyboard description
xkbevd - XKB event daemon
xkbprint - print an XKB keyboard description
xkbvleds - XKB extension user utility
xkbwatch - XKB extension user utility
xkill - kill a client by its X resource
xload - system load average display for X
xlogo - X Window System logo
xlsatoms - list interned atoms defined on server
xlsclients - list client applications running on a display
xlsfonts - server font list displayer for X
xmag - magnify parts of the screen
xman - Manual page display program for the X Window System
xmessage - display a message or query in a window (X-based /bin/echo)
xmlcatalog - Command line tool to parse and manipulate XML or SGML catalog files.
xmllint - command line XML tool
xmodmap - utility for modifying keymaps and pointer button mappings in X
xmore - plain text display program for the X Window System
Xorg - X11R7 X server
xpmtoppm - convert an X11 pixmap into a portable pixmap
xprop - property displayer for X
xqxdecode - Decode a XQX stream into human readable form.
xrandr - primitive command line interface to RandR extension
xrdb - X server resource database utility
xrefresh - refresh all or part of an X screen
xsensors - display hardware sensor information as a graphical read-out.
-SESSION(1) GNOME-SESSION(1)
xset - user preference utility for X
xsetmode - set the mode for an X Input device
xsetpointer - set an X Input device as the main pointer
xsetroot - root window parameter setting utility for X
xsetwacom - commandline utility to query and modify wacom driver set tings.
xsm - X Session Manager
xstdcmap - X standard colormap utility
xsubpp - compiler to convert Perl XS code into C code
xterm - terminal emulator for X
Terminator - Multiple GNOME terminals in one window
xtotroff - convert X font metrics into GNU troff font metrics
xvidtune - video mode tuner for Xorg
xvinfo - Print out X-Video extension adaptor information
xvminitoppm - convert a XV "thumbnail" picture to PPM
xwd - dump an image of an X window
xwdtopnm - convert a X11 or X10 window dump file into a portable anymap
METACITY - minimal GTK2 Window Manager
xwininfo - window information utility for X
xwud - image displayer for X
xxd - make a hexdump or do the reverse.
xxd - convertit en représentation hexadécimale et inversement.
xxd - zrzut pliku do hex lub odwrotnie
xxd - создаёт представление файла в виде шестнадцатеричных кодов или выполняет обратное преобразование.
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff - compare compressed files
xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff - compare compressed files
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
xzgrep - search compressed files for a regular expression
xzless, lzless - view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
xzmore, lzmore - view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
x11perfcomp - X11 server performance comparison program
x11perf - X11 server performance test program
ybmtopbm - convert a Bennet Yee "face" file into a portable bitmap
yelp — browse system documentation
yes - opakovaně vypisuje řetězec, dokud není ukončen
yes - output a string repeatedly until killed
youtube-dl - download videos from youtube.com or other video platforms
(1) Linux Programmer's Manual HOSTNAME(1)
yuvdenoise - Motion-Compensating-YUV4MPEG2-frame-denoiser
yuvfps - Converts to a different frame rate
yuvinactive - Set a part of the video to a defined state
yuvkineco - revert 2-3 pulldown movie
yuvmedianfilter - A filter for yuv images produced by the mjpeg tools
yuvplay - Display YUV4MPEG2 streams (using SDL)
yuvscaler - UPscales or DOWNscales a YUV4MPEG2 stream to a specified format
yuvsplittoppm - convert a Y- and a U- and a V-file into a portable pixmap
yuvtoppm - convert Abekas YUV bytes into a portable pixmap
yuvycsnoise - Noise filter specialized for NTSC Y/C separation noise
yuv2lav - encodes lavtool's raw YUV frame streams into MJPEG files
YUV4MPEG2 - video stream format used by pipe-based MJPEGtools
y4mcolorbars - Create a YUV4MPEG2 stream containing a colorbar test pattern
y4mdenoise - Motion-compensating YUV4MPEG-frame denoiser
y4mtopnm - Convert a YUV4MPEG2 stream to PNM images
y4mtoppm - Convert YUV4MPEG2 stream to PPM images
y4munsharp - Unsharp filter for YUV4MPEG2 streams
gzip, gunzip, zcat - compress or expand files
zcmp, zdiff - compare compressed files
zcmp, zdiff - compare compressed files
zdump - time zone dumper
zgrep - search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zeisstopnm - convert a Zeiss confocal file into a portable anymap
zeitgeist-daemon - D-Bus interface providing a log of activities
zeitgeist-datahub - passive loggers for Zeitgeist
zenity - display GTK+ dialogs
zgrep - search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zforce - force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep - search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zic - time zone compiler
zipcloak - encrypt entries in a zipfile
zip - package and compress (archive) files
zipgrep - search files in a ZIP archive for lines matching a pattern
zipinfo - list detailed information about a ZIP archive
zipnote - write the comments in zipfile to stdout, edit comments and rename files in zipfile
zipsplit - split a zipfile into smaller zipfiles
zjsdecode - Decode a ZjStream into human readable form.
zless - file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
zmore - file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew - recompress .Z files to .gz files
zsoelim - führt ».so«-Anfragen in Roff-Quellen aus
zsoelim - satisfy .so requests in roff input
zsoelim - satisface peticiones .so en la entrada suministrada a roff
zsoelim - Remplacer les entrées .so des fichiers « roff » par le contenu du fichier indiqué
zsoelim - memenuhi permintaan .so dalam masukan roff
zsoelim - satisfy .so requests in roff input
zsoelim - wypełnia żądania .so w wejściu roff
zsoelim - выполняет .so запросы для входящих данных roff
2to3-2.7 - Python2 to Python3 converter
2to3-2.7 - Python2 to Python3 converter
2to3-3.2 - Python2 to Python3 converter
411toppm - convert Sony Mavica .411 image to ppm
7za - A file archiver with highest compression ratio
7z - A file archiver with highest compression ratio